7 Children of Prophet Muhammad – 4 daughters/3 sons

Here are the names and details of all 7 children of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ including 3 sons and 4 daughters. 6 of his children died during his lifetime.

Names of Prophet Muhammad’s children

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had 4 daughters and 2 sons from Hazrat Khadija رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ. One of his sons Ibrahim رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was from Maria Qibtiya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.

  • Qasim ibn Muhammad.
  • Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  • Ruqayyah رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  • Umm Kulthoom رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  • Fatimah رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  • Abdullah رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  • Ibrahim رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.

Names of Prophet Muhammad's children

Qasim ibn Muhammad

Qasim Ibn Muhammad was the eldest son of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. He died at the age of only 3 and got buried in Jannat al Mualla in Makkah.

In Arab culture, people call others by the name of their children and that’s why Prophet Muhammad ﷺ used to be called Abu al-Qasim.

  • Born in: 598 A.D.
  • Died in: 601 A.D.
  • Age when died: 3 years.

Zainab bint Muhammad

Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the eldest daughter of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ born one year after Qasim. She married Abu al-As ibn al-Rabi’ رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ at the age of 11. Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the young age of 30 due to a complication from the miscarriage and got buried at Jannat ul Baqi.

  • Born in: 599 A.D.
  • Died in: 629 A.D.
  • Age when died: 30 years.

Ruqayya bint Muhammad

Ruqayya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the second daughter of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ born two years after Zainab. She got married to a son of Abu Lahab but was divorced when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ started preaching Islam openly.

At the age of 14 years, Ruqayya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ got married to Uthman bin Affan رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ. It is said that Ruqayya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died on the same day when Muslims won the Battle of Badr and got buried at Jannat ul Baqi.

  • Born in: 601 A.D.
  • Died in: 623 A.D.
  • Age when died: 22 years.

Umm Kulthoom

Umm Kulthoom رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the third daughter of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She got married to a son of Abu Lahab but was divorced when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ started preaching Islam openly.

One year after the death of her sister Ruqayya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ, she married Uthman bin Affan رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ at the age of 21. 6 years after her marriage, she got sick and died.

  • Born in: 603 A.D.
  • Died in: 630 A.D.
  • Age when died: 27 years.

Fatimah al-Zahra

Fatima al-Zahra رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the fourth and the youngest daughter of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was married to Ali Ibn Talib رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ and gave birth to two sons Hasan رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ and Hussain رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.

Fatima al-Zahra رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died after 6 months after the death of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ at the age of 27. Many believe that  Prophet Muhammad ﷺ used to love Fatima al-Zahra رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ the most among all his children.

  • Born in: 605 A.D.
  • Died in: 632 A.D.
  • Age when died: 27 years.

Abdullah ibn Muhammad

Abdullah رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the second son of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ after 4 daughters and he named him after the name of his father. He was also called Tahir Ibn Muhammad and Tayib ibn Muhammad.

Abdullah too died while he was an infant just like his brother Qasim who died at the age of 3. 

  • Born in: 611 A.D.
  • Died in: 613 A.D.
  • Age when died: 2 years.

Ibrahim ibn Muhammad

Ibrahim رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the third son of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ born with Maria Qibtiya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ who was a slave girl. It is said that Ibrahim رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died on the 10th of Rabi ul Awwal, 2 days before the death of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

The sun eclipsed on the day of Ibrahim رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ death. People said that the sun had eclipsed because of the death of Ibrahim. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: “The sun and the moon do not eclipse because of the death or birth) of someone. When you see the eclipse pray and invoke Allah.” – Sahih al-Bukhari 1043

  • Born in: 630 A.D.
  • Died in: 632 A.D.
  • Age when died: 2 years.

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