11 wives of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had 11 wives, who are called امہات المومنین the mothers of believers. Here are the names, details, and brief stories of all 11 wives and a concubine of Prophet Hazrat Muhammad ﷺ.

Prophet Muhammad wives names in order

  1. Khadija bint Khuwaylid رضي الله عنها.
  2. Sawda bint Zam’an رضي الله عنها.
  3. Aisha Bint Abu Bakr رضي الله عنها.
  4. Hafsa bint Umar رضي الله عنها.
  5. Zainab bint Khuzayma رضي الله عنها.
  6. Hind bint Abi Ummaya رضي الله عنها.
  7. Zainab bint Jahsh رضي الله عنها.
  8. Juwarriya bint Al-Harith رضي الله عنها.
  9. Ramla bint Abu Sufyan رضي الله عنها.
  10. Safiyya bint Huyeiy Ibn Akhtab رضي الله عنها.
  11. Maymoona bint Al-Harith رضي الله عنها.
  12. Hazrat Maria Al Qibtiyya رضي الله عنها (concubine).

Names of 11 wives of Prophet Muhammad

Khadija bint Khuwaylid

Khadija bint Khuwaylid رضي الله عنها married Prophet Muhammad ﷺ when she was 40 and he was 25. She was the first person to embrace Islam. Together they had six children.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 1st marriage: 25 years.
  • Age of Khadija رضي الله عنها on marriage: 40 years.
  • Khadija رضي الله عنها died 25 years after the marriage at 65. 
  • Khadija رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat al Mualla in Makkah.

Sawda bint Zam’an

Sawda bint Zam’an رضي الله عنها was the 2nd wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ whom he married after the death of Khadija رضي الله عنها. Immediately after the marriage, Sawda رضي الله عنها took care of the 4 daughters of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 2nd marriage: 50 years.
  • Age of Sawda رضي الله عنها on marriage: 50 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 13 years after the marriage.
  • Sawda رضي الله عنها died at the age of 75.
  • Sawda رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Aisha Bint Abu Bakr

Aisha Bint Abu Bakr رضي الله عنها was the 3rd and the youngest wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was the daughter of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنها, the first caliph of Islam.

It is said that Aisha رضي الله عنها married Prophet Muhammad ﷺ at the age of 7 but stayed at her parents’ place until she reached puberty. Aisha رضي الله عنها was the only virgin wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She has narrated more than 2,200 hadiths.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 3rd marriage: 54 years.
  • Age of Aisha رضي الله عنها on marriage: 7 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 9 years after the marriage.
  • Aisha رضي الله عنها died at the age of 65.
  • Aisha رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Hafsa bint Umar

Hafsa bint Umar رضي الله عنها was the 4th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was the daughter of Umer bin Khattab رضي الله عنها, the second caliph of Islam. She has narrated around 60 hadith from Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 4th marriage: 56 years.
  • Age of Hafsa رضي الله عنها on marriage: 20 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 7 years after the marriage.
  • Hafsa رضي الله عنها died at the age of 60.
  • Hafsa رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Zainab bint Khuzayma

Zainab bint Khuzayma رضي الله عنها was the 5th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ whom he married after one month of the 4th marriage. Due to her generosity, she was called the mother of beggars even at a time when she was not a Muslim.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 5th marriage: 56 years.
  • Age of Zainab رضي الله عنها on marriage: 29 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 7 years after the marriage.
  • Zainab رضي الله عنها died only after 8 months of marriage.
  • Zainab رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Hind bint Abi Ummaya

Hind bint Abi Ummaya (Umm Salama) was the 6th and the eldest wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was among the very first people who converted to Islam. She was known in society for her intelligence, political savvy, and fighting activity.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 6th marriage: 56 years.
  • Age of Umm Salama رضي الله عنها on marriage: 32 years.
  • Umm Salama رضي الله عنها died at the age of 80.
  • Umm Salama رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Zainab bint Jahsh

Zainab bint Jahsh رضي الله عنها was a first cousin and the 7th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was the ex-wife of Zayd ibn Harithah رضي الله عنها, the adopted son of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

At that time, people of Arab used to take adopted sons as their real sons with the right to inheritance. To break the taboo, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was instructed to marry Zaynab رضي الله عنها. – Al-Ahzab 33:37

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 7th marriage: 58 years.
  • Age of Zainab رضي الله عنها on marriage: 37 years.
  • Zainab رضي الله عنها died at the age of 51.
  • Zainab رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Juwarriya bint Al-Harith

Juwarriya bint Al-Harith رضي الله عنها was the 8th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. When Muslims defeated Banū al-Muṣṭaliq, they captured the daughter of the chief Juwarriya bint Al-Harith.

She was brought up in the lap of luxury and had all the refinements and graces of a princess with exceptional intelligence and beauty.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 8th marriage: 59 years.
  • Age of Juwarriya رضي الله عنها on marriage: 20 years.
  • Juwarriya رضي الله عنها died at the age of 50.
  • Juwarriya رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Ramla bint Abu Sufyan

Ramla bint Abu Sufyan رضي الله عنها (Umm Habiba) was the 9th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Umm Habiba رضي الله عنها embraced Islam in the beginning, although her father Abu Sufyan رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the most potent opponent of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 9th marriage: 59 years.
  • Age of Ramla رضي الله عنها on marriage: 34 years.
  • Ramla رضي الله عنها died at the age of 70.
  • Ramla رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Safiyya bint Huyeiy Ibn Akhtab

After the battle of Khyber, Muslims defeated several Jewish tribes. Among them was Banu Nadir. Safiyya رضي الله عنها was the daughter of the chief of the Banu Nadir tribe.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ got married her to strengthen Muslim influence over the Jewish tribe. Safiyya bint Huyeiy Ibn Akhtab رضي الله عنها was the 10th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 10th marriage: 60 years.
  • Age of Safiyya رضي الله عنها on marriage: 19 years.
  • Safiyya رضي الله عنها died at the age of 60.
  • Safiyya رضي الله عنها is buried in Jannat ul Baqi.

Maymoona bint Al-Harith

As a part of the signing of the treaty of Hudaibiyah, when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ when to Makkah to perform Umrah, Maymoona bint Al-Harith رضي الله عنها proposed him, which he accepted. She became the 11th and the last wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.
The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رضي الله عنها one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.

She was initially named Barra, but Prophet Muhammad ﷺ named her Maymoona, which meant “The Blessed one.” She was the last of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to die in 61 Hijri.

  • Grave of Maymoona location.
  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 10th marriage: 60 years.
  • Age of Maymoona رضي الله عنها on marriage: 35 years.
  • Maymoona رضي الله عنها died at the age of 80.
The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.
The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رضي الله عنها one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.

Maria Qibtiyya

Maria Qibtiyya رضي الله عنها was an Egyptian Coptic Christian concubine who had been sent as a gift from the Muqawqis. Ibrahim ibn Muhammad, a son of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, was born in Maria Qibtiya.

However, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had not married her, so she is not among the mother of believers.

Why did Prophet Muhammad marry 11 times?

While Muslims are allowed to keep 4 wives at a time, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ married 11 times. Have you ever wondered why it is so? I believe 9 out of his 11 marriages were performed for the following reasons;

  • Marriage to the widows of his companions to help their lives
  • Marriage between families to create strong family bonds e.g. marriage with the daughter of Abu Bakr رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ and Omer bin Khattab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  • Spreading the message of Islam by unifying different clans through the act of marriage
  • To increase the credibility and the number of sources to convey his private life.

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