11 wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had 11 wives which are called امہات المومنین or the mothers of believers. Here are the names, details, and a brief story of all the wives and a slave of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

Names of Prophet Muhammad’s wives

  1. Khadija bint Khuwaylid رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  2. Sawda bint Zam’an رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  3. Aisha Bint Abu Bakr رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  4. Hafsa bint Umar رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  5. Zainab bint Khuzayma رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  6. Hind bint Abi Ummaya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  7. Zainab bint Jahsh رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  8. Juwarriya bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  9. Ramla bint Abu Sufyan رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  10. Safiyya bint Huyeiy Ibn Akhtab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  11. Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  12. Hazrat Maria Al Qibtiyya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ (slave).

Names of 11 wives of Prophet Muhammad

Khadija bint Khuwaylid

Khadija bint Khuwaylid رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ married Prophet Muhammad ﷺ when she was 40 and he was 25. She was the first person to embrace Islam. Together they had six children.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 1st marriage: 25 years.
  • Age of Khadija رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 40 years.
  • Khadija رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died 25 years after the marriage at 65.

Sawda bint Zam’an

Sawda bint Zam’an رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the 2nd wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ whom he married after the death of Khadija رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ. Immediately after the marriage, Sawda رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ took care of the 4 daughters of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 2nd marriage: 50 years.
  • Age of Sawda رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 50 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 13 years after the marriage.
  • Sawda رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 75.

Aisha Bint Abu Bakr

Aisha Bint Abu Bakr رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the 3rd and the youngest wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was the daughter of Abu Bakr رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ, the first caliph of Islam.

It is said that Aisha رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ married Prophet Muhammad ﷺ at the age of 7 but stayed at her parents’ place until she reached puberty. Aisha رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the only virgin wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She has narrated more than 2,200 hadiths.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 3rd marriage: 54 years.
  • Age of Aisha رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 7 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 9 years after the marriage.
  • Aisha رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 65.

Hafsa bint Umar

Hafsa bint Umar رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the 4th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was the daughter of Umer bin Khattab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ, the second caliph of Islam. She has narrated around 60 hadith from Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 4th marriage: 56 years.
  • Age of Hafsa رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 20 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 7 years after the marriage.
  • Hafsa رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 60.

Zainab bint Khuzayma

Zainab bint Khuzayma رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the 5th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ whom he married after one month of the 4th marriage. Due to her generosity, she was called the mother of beggars even at a time when she was not a Muslim.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 5th marriage: 56 years.
  • Age of Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 29 years.
  • Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died 7 years after the marriage.
  • Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died only after 8 months of marriage.

Hind bint Abi Ummaya

Hind bint Abi Ummaya (Umm Salama) was the 6th and the eldest wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was among the very first people who converted to Islam. She was known in society for her intelligence, political savvy, and activity in fighting.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 6th marriage: 56 years.
  • Age of Umm Salama رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 32 years.
  • Umm Salama رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 80.

Zainab bint Jahsh

Zainab bint Jahsh رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was a first cousin and the 7th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. She was the ex-wife of Zayd ibn Harithah رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ, the adopted son of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

At that time, people of Arab used to take adopted sons as their real sons with the right to inheritance. In order to break the taboo, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was instructed to marry Zaynab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ. – Al-Ahzab 33:37

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 7th marriage: 58 years.
  • Age of Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 37 years.
  • Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 51.

Juwarriya bint Al-Harith

Juwarriya bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the 8th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. When Muslims defeated Banū al-Muṣṭaliq, they captured the daughter of the chief Juwarriya bint Al-Harith.

She was brought up in the lap of luxury and had all the refinements and graces of a princess with exceptional intelligence and beauty.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 8th marriage: 59 years.
  • Age of Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 20 years.
  • Zainab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 50.

Ramla bint Abu Sufyan

Ramla bint Abu Sufyan رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ (Umm Habiba) was the 9th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. Umm Habiba رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ embraced Islam in the beginning although her father Abu Sufyan رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the most powerful opponent of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 9th marriage: 59 years.
  • Age of Ramla رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 34 years.
  • Ramla رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 70.

Safiyya bint Huyeiy Ibn Akhtab

After the battle of Khyber, Muslims defeated several Jews tribes among them was Banu Nadir. Safiyya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the daughter of the chief of the Banu Nadir tribe.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ got married to her to strengthen Muslim influence over Jews tribe. Safiyya bint Huyeiy Ibn Akhtab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was the 10th wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 10th marriage: 60 years.
  • Age of Safiyya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 19 years.
  • Safiyya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 60.

Maymoona bint Al-Harith

As a part of the signing of the treaty of Hudaibiyah, when Prophet Muhammad ﷺ when to Makkah to perform Umrah, Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ proposed him which he accepted. She became the 11th and the last wife of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.

The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.
The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.

She was originally named Barra but Prophet Muhammad ﷺ her Maymoona which meant “The Blessed one”. She was the last of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to die in 61 Hijri.

  • Grave of Maymoona location.
  • Prophet Muhammad’s age on 10th marriage: 60 years.
  • Age of Maymoona رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ on marriage: 35 years.
  • Maymoona رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ died at the age of 80.
The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.
The resting place of Maymoona bint Al-Harith رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ one of the wives of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. ‎It is in a locality named Sarif, around 20 km from Makkah.

Maria Qibtiyya

Maria Qibtiyya رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ was an Egyptian Coptic Christian slave who had been sent as a gift from the Muqawqis. Ibrahim ibn Muhammad, a son of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was born from Maria Qibtiya.

However, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had not married her so she is not among the mother of believers.

Why did Prophet Muhammad marry 11 times?

While Muslims are allowed to keep 4 wives at a time, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ married 11 times. Ever wondered why is it so? I believe 9 out of his 11 marriages were performed for the following reasons;

  • Marriage to the widows of his companions to help their lives
  • Marriage between families to create strong family bonds e.g. marriage with the daughter of Abu Bakr رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ and Omer bin Khattab رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ.
  • Spreading the message of Islam by unifying different clans through the act of marriage
  • To increase the credibility and the number of sources for the conveying of his private life.

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Steve has been living in Saudi Arabia since 2013 and writing about Saudi rules, regulations, guides, and procedures since then.