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As Muslims, we must be aware of the Fard, Wajib, and Sunnah of Hajj. Hajj should be performed with full knowledge so that no mistakes are made during it.
Fard of Hajj
There are three fard acts that a Hajj pilgrim shall perform. The performance of Hajj is not complete righteously until the three Fard is accomplished properly.
Enter into Ihram
Assuming ihram for Hajj purpose is the very first fard of Hajj upon a pilgrim. After wearing the Ihram, the best Dhikr is Talbiya.
- Talbiya: لَبَّيْكَ ٱللَّٰهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ، لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ، إِنَّ ٱلْحَمْدَ وَٱلنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَٱلْمُلْكَ لَا شَرِيكَ لَكَ
- 6 things that are Haram for people wearing Ihram.
Wuquf at Arafat
Staying at Arafat for some time, between the midday of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah to the sunset of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, is a Fard of Hajj. The fard is performed even if the pilgrim stays there for some time.
Tawaf AL Ziyarah
Performing a Tawaf al Ziyarah at any time after getting free from sacrifice, shaving your head, and changing your Ihram from the morning of the 10th Dhul Hijjah till the sunset of the 12th Dhul Hijjah is fard of Hajj.
WAJIB OF HAJJ
A Hajj pilgrim shall bear in mind that there are 6 Wajib acts of Hajj. If any of these wajib acts are left intentionally, Hajj will remain valid but a penalty in the form of sacrifice of an animal or a sadqa has to be paid.
However, if anyone leaves a wajib of Hajj without an excuse, it is a sin that cannot be overcome through any Sadqa or Qurbani.
Waqf at Muzdalifah
To stay at Muzdalifah after sunset of the 9th of Dhul Hijja till the Fajr prayer of the 10th of Dhul Hijja is a wajib act of Hajj. Waqf at Muzdalifah is done after the Wuquf at Arafat which is fard of hajj.
Saee between Safa and Marwa
Performing Saee between Safa and Marwah mountain is another wajib act of Hajj. It is generally performed along with Tawaf Ziyarah.
Pelting at the Jamarat is one of the wajib acts of Hajj. It is important to note that you can only go for pelting after the Fajr prayer of the 10th of Dhul Hijjah.
Sacrifice an Animal
One who is performing Hajj Qiran or Hajj Tamattu has to offer an animal sacrifice i.e. a wajib act of Hajj. Recommended: How many types of Hajj are there in Islam?
Shaving the Head
Once you have performed all of the above-mentioned acts of Hajj, you are required to shave or cut the hair of the head which is another wajib act of Hajj.
Tawaf al Wida is a wajib act for those pilgrims who have come to perform Hajj from outside the boundaries of Miqat. People living within the boundaries of Miqat are not required to perform it. However, it is better if they perform it.
Sunnah of Hajj
There are many sunnah acts of Hajj that every Muslim should try to follow. However, there is no sin in leaving any sunnah act of Hajj.
Difference between Fard and Wajib
Both the Fard and Wajib acts of Hajj are obligatory on pilgrims. The only difference is that leaving a Fard act (intentionally or unintentionally) will nullify the performance of Hajj while sacrificing an animal can compensate for leaving a wajib act unintentionally.