12th Rabi’ al-Awwal is the birthday of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. It is also said that he passed away on this date. I have seen many people, especially in South Asia, celebrating the birthday of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ (Eid Milad Nabi).
Did Sahaba celebrate the Eid Milad Nabi?
When we look at the practices and daily lives of the Sahaba Rasool ﷺ, we will never find any of them celebrating the birth of the beloved Prophet ﷺ, whether it was during his lifetime or after he passed away.
None of his closest companions, which included the first four Caliphs, his wife, and even other close companions like Talha and Zubair, ever celebrated his birthday. Does that not prove anything?
Should we celebrate Eid Milad Nabi?
If the great 4 Caliphs, during their 28 years of combined rule, did not transgress from the true path of Islam, then who are we to do so? If the best of mankind, the people who stood by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ during his time, did not celebrate his birth, then why should we?
However, this biddah has also entered the Middle East as the UAE government announced a public holiday on 12th Rabi’ al-Awwal last year.
What is Biddah?
According to Shariah, the literal definition of Biddah-Innovation would be “Doing action in matters of the deen (religion) that Allah has not prescribed.”
It can also be taken as “Worshipping Allah in ways that are not those of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ or his rightly-guided successors after Him.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Whoever innovates something in Islam that is not part of it, will have it rejected. – Sunan Ibn Majah 14