Out of 114 Surah in the Holy Quran, there is only one Surah that does not start with Bismillah (بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيم), ever wondered why? Yes, Surah Tauba, the 9th chapter of the Holy Quran does not begin with Bismillah.
Why does Surah Tauba not start with Bismillah?
Uthman bin Affan رضي الله عنه said: “When the verses of the Quran were revealed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ, he called someone to write them down for him and told him to put this verse in the surah in which such and such has been mentioned.
Surah Al Anfaal (the 8th chapter of the Quran) is one of the initial surahs to be revealed in Madina, while surah Tauba (the 9th chapter of the Quran) was one of the last. However, its content is similar to each other.
I, therefore, thought that it was a part of al-Anfal. Hence I put them in the category of as-sab’u at-tiwal (the seven lengthy surahs), and I did not write “بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ” between them. – Sunan Abi Dawud 786
The death of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ
However, before it could have been decided whether it was a part of Surah Al Anfaal or not, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ died. Bismillah, therefore, wasn’t placed before it as they were not confirmed if it was either part of the surah Al Anfaal or not.
According to Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah, 4/225, the Bismillah is not placed in between the surahs as scribers did not know if they were separate surahs or not.