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Saudi Arabia is indeed a blessed nation as it has huge oil and gas reserves and many gold mines. Saudi Arabia comes in the list of top 14 countries with gold reserves in the world. Today, we shall discuss the discovery of the first gold mine in Saudi Arabia.
The first gold mine in Saudi Arabia
The gold mining began in Saudi Arabia about 5000 years from now. History declares that the first-ever gold mining was practiced in 3000 BC.
During the reign of the Islamic Abbasid, the second phase of gold mining took place. This phase occurred between 750 and 1258 AD.
During the rule of King Abdul Aziz, a gold deposit was rediscovered at Mahd Al-Dhahab in 1932. Mahd Al-Dhahab is a city located at 380 km northeast to the province of Madinah and lies in the western region of the country. It lies 1060 meters above sea level. The gold was then extracted between 1939 and 1954. Gold mining is not an easy task.
Mahd Al Dhahab is the first-ever gold mine of Saudi Arabia
The gold cannot be mined simply; it takes a lot of effort and thinking. The mining at Mahd Al Dhabah is carried out by utilizing an underground method where a complete tunnel is carved out which is more than 60 km. Along with it, a specially designed metallurgical plant is used to mine gold.
Mahd Al Dhahab is rightly known as the cradle of gold as it has massive and impressive gold deposits. In 2007, 58,256 ounces of Gold was approximately produced by underground operations at Mahd Al Dhahab. The area was mined which processed 183,425 tons of ore at a grade of 11.1 grams per ton of gold in 2007.
The mine of Mahd Al Dhaba also produces copper and zinc and other residues that are a great perk for third party toll smelting. Saudi Arabian Mining Company was established by the Saudi Arabian government in 1997.
It was established as a joint-stock company that was having a capital of SR4 billion. It came into being to operate five mines across the country. The company is also involved in vocational training to teach the new generation the art of a goldsmith.
Source: Saudi Gazette