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The birth of a child is a moment of rejoicing for all the family. Many wonder what to do when a baby is born as per Islam. There are 7 Sunnah acts to follow for a newborn baby.
Every child is a blessing of Allah Almighty. As per Islam, the first thing to do when a baby is born is to thank Allah by whatever way you want. You could;
- Simply say ٱلْحَمْدُ لِلَّٰهِ.
- Perform a Sajda for thanking Allah ﷻ.
- Offer two Nafil of Salah.
Reciting Adhan and Iqamah
The Hanafi school of thought believes that reciting Adhan in the ears of the child is a good act however it is neither obligatory nor sunnah.
Shafi, Maliki, and Hanbali believe it to be Sunnah for a newborn baby (on basis of hadith found in al-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Ahmad, al-Bayhaqi).
Anas bin Malik رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ narrated: I took `Abdullah bin Abu Talha رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to perform Tahnik for him. – Sahih al-Bukhari 1502
Tahnik was a Sunnah among the Muslims that they used to take a newborn baby to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ who would chew a piece of date and put a part of its juice in the child’s mouth.
Giving a name to a child
It is one of the Rights of Newly Born that he/she must be given a good name that reflect Muslim characteristics e.g. names that belongs to Prophets, Sahabah, and pious Muslims.
Abu Musa رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ: A son was born to me and I took him to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ who named him Ibrahim. – Sahih al-Bukhari 5467
All newborn Muslim boys undergo circumcision when they are quite young as it is a Sunnah act of Prophet Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Prophet Ibrahim عَلَيْهِ ٱلسَّلَامُ circumcised himself with the help of an adze when he was 8 years old. – Sahih Muslim 2370
Shaving off the head
It is also a Sunnah act to shave off the head of the newborn baby within 7 days of birth.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: The boy is mortgaged by his ‘Aqiqah; slaughtering should be done for him on the seventh day, he should be given a name, and his head should be shaved. – Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1522
Aqiqa is another sunnah act after the childbirth which is heavily emphasized in different Hadith. Aqiqa is;
- Slaughtering two sheep on the birth of a boy.
- Slaughtering one sheep on the birth of a girl.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Slaughter two sheep equal (in age) for a boy and one for a girl at their birth. – Jami` at-Tirmidhi 1513
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