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When I learned how to pray Salatul Janazah, I was shocked to observe that most people don’t even know the steps to offer funeral prayer (Namaz) in Islam. Many don’t even know the Janaza dua.
Namaz Janaza is Fard Kafaya
The Funeral Prayer in Islam is Fard Kafayah, which basically means that if anyone prays Janaza, all the others are free from the responsibility. Otherwise, all those who received news of the death and did not attend the funeral would be considered sinners. – Sunan an-Nasa’i 1946
First Takbir of Janazah prayer
The imam and the Muqtadee should raise their hands up to their ears and then fold their hands underneath the navel as is usual while saying “Allah-O-Akbar”.
- سُبْحَانَكَ اَّللُهَّم َوِبحَمْدِكَ وَ تَبَاْرَكَ اسْمُكَ َوتَعَالَئ جَدُّكَ وَجَلَّ َثَناءٌكَ وَلَااِلَه غَيْرُكَ
There is a difference of opinion among scholars about whether Sura-Fateha needs to be recited in the first Takbir.
According to Shafi, Hanbali, and Maliki way to offer Janazah prayer it is important to say Sura Fateha in the funeral prayer. (Hadith No. 419, Book of Funerals, Sahih Bukhari, Vol. 2).
However, according to the Hanafi way to offer funeral prayer, the above-mentioned prayers should be recited after the first Takbir.
Second Takbir of Namaz Janazah
In the second rakah of funeral prayer, one must say Allah-O-Akbar and also recite the Durood-e-Ibrahim.
- اَللّٰھُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى ُمحَمَّدِ ُّوعَلَى اَلِ مُحَمَّدٍ كَمَا صَلَّيْتَ عَلَى اِبْرَاهِيْمَ وَعَلَى اَل اِبْرَاهِيْمَ اِنَّكَ حَمِيْدُ مَجِيِدْ
- اَلَّهُمَّ بَارِكْ عَلَى مُحَمّدِ ٌوعَلَى اَلِ مُحَمّدٍ كَمَابَارَكْتَ عَلَى اِبْرََاهِيْمَ وَعَلَى اَلِ اِبْرَاهِيْمَم اِنَّكَ حَمِيُد مَّجِيدْ
Third Takbir – Janazah Dua
In the third takbir of funeral prayer, Allah-O-Akbar must again be recited followed by Janazah dua for the deceased. The following supplications should be recited after the third takbir.
- اللهُـمِّ اغْفِـرْ لِحَيِّـنا وَمَيِّتِـنا وَشـاهِدِنا ، وَغائِبِـنا ، وَصَغيـرِنا وَكَبيـرِنا ، وَذَكَـرِنا وَأُنْثـانا. اللهُـمِّ مَنْ أَحْيَيْـتَهُ مِنّا فَأَحْيِـهِ عَلى الإِسْلام ،وَمَنْ تَوَفَّـيْتَهُ مِنّا فَتَوَفَّـهُ عَلى الإِيـمان
Fourth Takbir of Salatul Janazah
In the final step, no supplications need to be recited after the 4th Takbir. The Sunnah way agreed by all is to say Taslim after pronouncing the fourth Takbir.
Hanafi followers say Taslim by moving their head in both right and left direction but Shafi followers move their head only on the right side at the end of Janazah prayer.