How to offer funeral/Janazah prayer in Islam?

When I learned how to pray Salatul Janazah, I was shocked to observe that most people donโ€™t even know the steps to offer funeral prayer (Namaz) in Islam. Many don’t even know the Janaza dua.

Namaz Janaza is Fard Kafaya

The Funeral Prayer in Islam is Fard Kafayah, which basically means that if anyone prays Janaza, all the others are free from the responsibility.ย  Otherwise, all those who received news of the death and did not attend the funeral would be considered sinners. –ย  Sunan an-Nasa’i 1946

First Takbir of Janazah prayer

The imam and the Muqtadee should raise their hands up to their ears and then fold their hands underneath the navel as is usual while saying โ€œAllah-O-Akbarโ€.

  • ุณูุจู’ุญูŽุงู†ูŽูƒูŽ ุงู‘ูŽู„ู„ูู‡ู‘ูŽู… ูŽูˆูุจุญูŽู…ู’ุฏููƒูŽ ูˆูŽ ุชูŽุจูŽุงู’ุฑูŽูƒูŽ ุงุณู’ู…ููƒูŽ ูŽูˆุชูŽุนูŽุงู„ูŽุฆ ุฌูŽุฏู‘ููƒูŽ ูˆูŽุฌูŽู„ู‘ูŽ ูŽุซูŽู†ุงุกูŒูƒูŽ ูˆูŽู„ูŽุงุงูู„ูŽู‡ ุบูŽูŠู’ุฑููƒูŽ

There is a difference of opinion among scholars about whether Sura-Fateha needs to be recited in the first Takbir.

According to Shafi, Hanbali, and Maliki way to offer Janazah prayer it is important to say Sura Fateha in the funeral prayer. – Sahih al-Bukhari 1335

However, according to the Hanafi way to offer funeral prayer, the above-mentioned prayers should be recited after the first Takbir.

First Takbir of Janazah prayer

Second Takbir of Namaz Janazah

In the second rakah of funeral prayer, one must say Allah-O-Akbar and also recite the Durood-e-Ibrahim.

  • ุงูŽู„ู„ู‘ูฐฺพูู…ูŽู‘ ุตูŽู„ูู‘ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ูู…ุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ู‘ููˆุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงูŽู„ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ูŽุฏู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุตูŽู„ู‘ูŽูŠู’ุชูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู’ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงูŽู„ ุงูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู’ู…ูŽ ุงูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุญูŽู…ููŠู’ุฏู ู…ูŽุฌููŠูุฏู’
  • ุงูŽู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูู…ู‘ูŽ ุจูŽุงุฑููƒู’ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ุฏู ูŒูˆุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงูŽู„ู ู…ูุญูŽู…ู‘ุฏู ูƒูŽู…ูŽุงุจูŽุงุฑูŽูƒู’ุชูŽ ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงูุจู’ุฑูŽูŽุงู‡ููŠู’ู…ูŽ ูˆูŽุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุงูŽู„ู ุงูุจู’ุฑูŽุงู‡ููŠู’ู…ูŽู… ุงูู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุญูŽู…ููŠูุฏ ู…ู‘ูŽุฌููŠุฏู’

Second Takbir of funeral prayer in Islam

Third Takbir – Janazah Dua

In the third takbir of funeral prayer, Allah-O-Akbar must again be recited followed by Janazah dua for the deceased. The following supplications should be recited after the third takbir.

  • ุงู„ู„ู‡ูู€ู…ู‘ู ุงุบู’ููู€ุฑู’ ู„ูุญูŽูŠู‘ูู€ู†ุง ูˆูŽู…ูŽูŠู‘ูุชูู€ู†ุง ูˆูŽุดู€ุงู‡ูุฏูู†ุง ุŒ ูˆูŽุบุงุฆูุจูู€ู†ุง ุŒ ูˆูŽุตูŽุบูŠู€ุฑูู†ุง ูˆูŽูƒูŽุจูŠู€ุฑูู†ุง ุŒ ูˆูŽุฐูŽูƒูŽู€ุฑูู†ุง ูˆูŽุฃูู†ู’ุซู€ุงู†ุง. ุงู„ู„ู‡ูู€ู…ู‘ู ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูŽูŠู’ู€ุชูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู‘ุง ููŽุฃูŽุญู’ูŠูู€ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅูุณู’ู„ุงู… ุŒูˆูŽู…ูŽู†ู’ ุชูŽูˆูŽูู‘ูŽู€ูŠู’ุชูŽู‡ู ู…ูู†ู‘ุง ููŽุชูŽูˆูŽูู‘ูŽู€ู‡ู ุนูŽู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅููŠู€ู…ุงู†

Janaza Dua

Fourth Takbir of Salatul Janazah

In the final step, no supplications need to be recited after the 4th Takbir. The Sunnah way agreed by all is to say Taslim after pronouncing the fourth Takbir.

Hanafi followers say Taslim by moving their head in both right and left direction but Shafi followers move their head only on the right side at the end of Janazah prayer.

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