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Muslims have to offer shortened prayer commonly known as Qasr while traveling if the definition of Musafir/traveler is met.
- Qasr prayer is a requirement, not an option.
Who is a Musafir?
A person is a Musafir or traveler if he;
- Travels for more than 80 kilometers or 48 miles from the border of the city he lives in.
- Is intending to stay at that place for less than 15 days.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ stayed in Makkah for 15 days praying each prayer with two rak’ahs. – Sunan an-Nasa’i 1453
While traveling from Jeddah for 15+ days stay in Madina, you are a Musafir;
- As soon as you start your journey.
- Until you reach Madina.
- Once in Madina, you are no more a traveler.
Offering Qasr prayer individually
If a person is traveling as per the definition of Musafir given above, he is required to offer a short or Qasr prayer.
- Fajr Qasr prayer: 2 Rakat.
- Duhr Qasr prayer: 2 Rakat.
- Asr Qasr prayer: 2 Rakat.
- Maghrib Qasr prayer: 3 Rakat.
- Isha Qasr prayer: 2 Rakat.
- Witr when traveling is Sunnah not Wajib.
Performing Qasr prayer is a requirement, not an option. If someone offers 4 Rakat in Duhr while traveling, he will have to perform Sajda Sahu.
Offering Qasr prayer with Jamat
The way to offer Qasr prayer with Jamat is slightly different.
- If the Imam is local, a traveler is required to offer the complete Fard prayer i.e. 4.
- If the Imam is a traveler, a Musafir is required to offer the Qasr prayer.
- If the Imam is a traveler, a resident is required to offer the complete fard prayer. Once Imam completes his Salah, the resident will stand up and complete the rest of the 2 fard.
Combining prayer while traveling
While traveling, Muslims are also allowed to combine the following two prayers together;
- Duhr and Asr.
- Maghrib and Isha.
- Can we pray Maghrib and Isha together?
It is important to note that while offering Qasr prayer is mandatory during travel, combining prayers is optional.