Why did Prophet Muhammad burn Masjid Dirar?

Masjid al Dirar (مسجد الضرار), also known as Masjid Zarar, has significant importance in Islamic history as Prophet Muhammad ﷺ himself ordered to demolish it.

Who built Masjid al Dirar?

Abu Amir and other hypocrites built Masjid al Dirar near Masjid Quba. These hypocrites were not loyal to Islam and did not build the mosque for worship purposes, instead, they made it to be used against Muslims.

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Prophet Muhammad was to pray there

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was invited to pray in Masjid al Dirar by Abu Amir. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ accepted the invitation because the truth wasn’t revealed to him. However, he was to leave for the battle of Tabuk and promised to hold prayer there upon return.

Masjid al Dirar and Quran

When Prophet Muhammad ﷺ returned from the battle of Tabuk, the above-mentioned ayah of Surah Tawbah was revealed to him about Masjid Dirar, and thereby he got to know the truth.

There are also those ˹hypocrites˺ who set up a mosque ˹only˺ to cause harm, promote disbelief, divide the believers, and as a base for those who had previously fought against Allah and His Messenger.1 They will definitely swear, “We intended nothing but good,” but Allah bears witness that they are surely liars. –  Surah Tawbah (9:107)

Allah ﷻ also forbade Prophet Muhammad ﷺ from praying in the mosque. 

Do not ˹O Prophet˺ ever pray in it. – Surah Tawbah (9:108)

Demolition of Masjid al Dirar

On receiving these Ayahs, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ ordered his Sahaba رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ to demolish the mosque by putting it on fire.

They went there with fire and entered the mosque. The lighted branch frightened the people. They started to demolish the building that was erected for unlawful purposes. The people began to run away, and the summoned companions burnt down the building.

Location of the demolished mosque

Although there is no authentic way to establish Masjid al Dirar’s exact location, people believe it was constructed where there is an open ground right now.

No remains of the mosque are visible today so you cannot figure out the exact location of the mosque. However, it is proven that it was situated near Masjid al Quba in Madina.

possible location of Masjid al Dirar

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