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The Pagans Arab would not believe in the prophet-hood of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W as they knew that their religion based on idolism would abolish. They would thereby question the Prophet-hood of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W and would ask for proof. Here is the historical proof that Prophet Muhammad S.A.W split the moon in half.
People used to ask Prophet Muhammad S.A.W for a Miracle
The Arab Pagans such as Walid bin Mughira, Abu Jahl, Answer bin Wail, As bin Hisham, Aswad bin Abdi Yaghus, Aswad bin Muttalib, Zama bin Aswad, Nadr bin Harith, and others thereby asked the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W to show a miracle so that they could believe that Prophet Muhammad S.A.W is the last prophet of Allah.
Before the migration to Madinah, the people asked him: “If you truly are a Prophet that has been appointed by Allah, then split the moon in half. Let it be in such a way that one-half will appear over the Mount Abu Qubais and the other half will be seen over Mount Quayqian.”
On this, the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W replied that if he would do so, would they become Muslims? They replied with immediate “yes”.
Allah granted the miracle to Prophet Muhammad S.A.W
Thereby on the 14th night, which is the night of the full moon, the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W made a prayer asking Allah to bless him with the demanded miracle so that the pagans would convert to Islam. Soon the Angel Jibrael A.S appeared informing that the prayer has been granted.
Prophet Muhammad S.A.W thereby split the moon into two halves, on the will of Allah. He asked Abu Salam bin Abdulasad! Arqam bin Abel Iqram to bear witness of the miracle.
The Splitting of the Moon in the Holy Quran
The miracle of moon split has been mentioned in the Holy Quran. The Allah Almighty narrates in Quran (54:1):
The Hour has come near, and the moon has split [in two]. And if they see a miracle, they turn away and say, “Passing magic.” And they denied and followed their inclinations. But for every matter is a [time of] settlement.
The Historic Proof of the Split
King Chakrawarti Farmas of India claimed that he witnessed the moon split. This incident has been recorded in Indian history. According to the Indian historic manuscript that is placed in India Office Library, London which has reference number: Arabic, 2807, 152-173). It is quoted in the book “Muhammad Rasulullah,” by M. Hamidullah, which reports that:
This is an old tradition in Malabar that Chakrawati Farmas, who was a king, himself observed the splitting of the moon. The moon was split to celebrate the miracle of Holy Prophet Muhammad S.A.W as a messenger of Allah.
On learning this, he sent his son to Arabia to inquire about it. His son paid a visit to Holy Prophet Muhammad S.A.W and accepted Islam. He, however, died while he was returning home at the port of Zafar.
This Indian manuscript also mentions another incident where the Indian King Raja Chakrawarti Farmas spent time with the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
The reference to Hadith
One of the books of Hadith also mentions the meeting of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W and the Indian king. It has been reported in Al-Hakim’s Mustadrak, by Abu Sa’id al-Khudri that an Indian king gave Prophet Muhammad S.A.W a gift and a bottle of a ginger pickle.