How the marble floor of Masjid al-Haram stays cool?

If you have ever been to Makkah, you must have noticed that the marble floor (thassos) of Masjid al-Haram stays cool even under the scorching sun and 50°C temperature. Saudi Arabia is one of the hottest countries in the world which experiences hot and arid temperatures throughout the year.

The weather condition in Makkah

In such weather conditions, it becomes difficult for the visitors to perform their Hajj or Umrah. As Mataf of the Masjid al-Haram has no shades upon it, the floors can give heat burns to Muslims performing their rituals. 

But those who have visited Haram must have experienced its cool marble floors even in the striking summer days. But how can these floors which do not have any shades upon them remain cool in Saudi Arabia’s searing temperature?

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People continue to perform Tawaf no matter what are weather conditions without any air conditioner or fans and the only reason they are able to do it is that the marble floors of Masjid al-Haram remain cool and allow them to walk on it.

How the marble floor of Masjid al-Haram stays cool?

People often say that water pipes have been installed beneath the marble floor of Masjid al-Haram but this is not true. Recently, the Mataf was dug to reach ZamZam well for maintenance and nobody saw any water piping system beneath the floors. Therefore, we can say that these are just false rumors.

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The reality is that to give every type of comfort to the visitors and ease their experience of performing Hajj and/or Umrah, unique marble “thassos” has been installed in the Holy Kaaba and the Masjid al-Haram.

What is Thassos Marble?

The office of the general presidency of affairs of two holy mosques said that the only reason that floors of Masjid al-Haram remain cool in hot summer days is Thassos Marble. 

Thassos is a Greece marble that can reflect the sun rays and remains cool in summers. Saudi Arabia has imported and installed this marble which lessens the intensity of the heat during the day and comforts the pilgrimage for the visitors. 

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The reports also claim that Saudi Arabia’s government has brought the land of Greece in shape of Thassos to Makkah.

Source: Saudi Gazette

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Steve has been living in Saudi Arabia since 2013 and writing about Saudi rules, regulations, guides, and procedures since then.