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Muslims from all around the world pray Salah facing towards Holy Kaaba which is situated in Makkah. It is an earnest desire of almost every Muslim to pray inside the holy Kaaba as we have seen many Muslim leaders doing so.
Obviously, this facility is not available to everyone. Only special guests of the King of Saudi Arabia and servants of Holy Kaaba can enter into it. Do you know that it was the desire of some of the companions of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W as well? Prophet Muhammad S.A.W explained the way to pray inside the Holy Kaaba. Recommended: 10 facts about the Interior of the Holy Kaaba
Hadith related to praying inside the Holy Kaaba
Hazrat Ayesha R.A says, “I liked to enter inside the Holy Kaaba and pray therein. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) caught me by hand and admitted me to Hijr Ismail or Hateem. He then said: Pray in Hijr Ismail or Hateem when you intend to go inside the Holy Kaaba, for it is a part of the Holy Kaaba. Your people shortened it when they built the Kaaba, and they took it out of the House.” Sunan Abi Dawud 2028
Hazrat Ayesha R.A says, “I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Can I go inside the Holy Kaaba?' He said: ‘Enter Hijr Ismail or Hateem for it is part of the House.'” Sunan an-Nasa'i 2911. Recommended: 7 facts about Hijr Ismail or Hateem in Makkah
‘A'isha (Allah be pleased with her), wife of Allah's Apostle (ﷺ), heard Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: If your people, had not been recent converts to Islam, I would have spent the treasure of the Holy Kaaba in the way of Allah and would have constructed its door just on the level of the ground and would have encompassed in it the space of Hijr (Hateem). Sahih Muslim 1333 d
With all the above Hadith, we can conclude that if you pray inside Hateem or Hijr Ismail, you will get the reward of praying inside the Holy Kaaba. As Hijr Ismail or Hateem was actually the part of the Holy Kaaba but during reconstruction at the time of Quraish, it was taken out of the Holy Kaaba.
This is the reason, you will always find this place fully crowded as people love to go there to offer 2 rakah of Nafl and pray to Allah. You will find this place empty during the time when Imam is leading the prayer in Masjid al-Haram as you cannot pray a fard Salah inside the Holy Kaaba while Imam is behind you.