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As we know that fasting during the month of Ramadan is Fard upon Muslims, it is also important to know the things that can break your fast. Can a person donate blood while he or she is fasting?
Mixed opinion on blood donation
Well, to be clear, blood donation is like cupping. Cupping is a medical process where blood is removed from the surface of the body. Cupping or blood donation causes loss of blood from the body.
There is one group of scholars that allow Muslims to donate blood while there is other that says that donating blood is haram during fast.
Opinion 1: Blood Donation Breaks the Fast
The Scholars like Imam Ahmed Ibn Hanbal, Shaikh bin Baz, Shaikh Uthaimeen, Shaikh Saleh Fauzan, and Shaikh Jibreen are of the view that cupping and blood donation during fasting is haram.
They prohibit cupping and blood donation during fasting as it is an action that is prohibited by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ himself.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: “The cupper and the one cupped have broken the fast.” – Jami` at-Tirmidhi 774
Opinion 2: Blood Donation doesn’t break the Fast
The other group of scholars including Shaikh Nasiruddin Al Albani, Anas bin Malik رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ, ِهساش رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ, Imam Shafi and Imam Malik, are of the view that blood donation or cupping does not break the fast.
Ibn `Abbas رَضِيَ ٱللَّٰهُ عَنْهُ narrated that Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was cupped while he was fasting. – Sahih al-Bukhari 1939
Hence, you can donate blood while fasting to save a life but it shall break the fast that shall be kept later. Indeed, saving a life of a human being is more important than keeping your fast.
It is important to note that the loss of a small amount of blood in an injury or for a medical test does not breaks the fast.