If a man kills another man in Saudi Arabia, the punishment is either to pay the blood money or the death execution. The amount of blood money depends on whether it was an intentional murder or death by mistake.
Blood Money in Quran
The concept of Blood money in Islam is explained in Surah Nisa Quran 4:92. It is not for a Muslim to kill any Muslim, except by mistake.
- Whoever kills a Muslim by mistake, then, a Muslim slave has to be freed, and the blood money must be paid to his family unless they forgo it.
- If the victim belongs to a people hostile to you and is a Muslim, then, a Muslim slave has to be freed.
- If the victim belongs to the people with whom you have a treaty, then, blood money is to be paid to his family, and a believing slave to be freed.
- Whoever does not find a slave to be freed has to fast for two consecutive months.
Blood Money in Hadith
There are several hadiths that fix the blood money in case of intentional murder or the murder by mistake. In one of the Hadiths, the blood money is fixed as 100 camels by Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. – Sahih al-Bukhari 6898
Blood Money in Saudi Arabia
In Saudi Arabia, the blood money for the murder by mistake has been set as SR 300,000. It is normally paid in case of a traffic accident when the other person dies due to the mistake of the culprit. – A doctor had to pay SR 300,000 for the death of patient.
In the case of intentional murder, it is up to the family of the victim to receive the blood money or ask the judge to execute the murderer. There is no limit for the blood money set in this case as the victim’s family can ask for any amount they want.