Karbala is one of the most popular sites of Islamic history. The battle of Karbala tends to make the eyes of Muslim watery and hearts heavy. Karbala is a place located in Iraq. The battle of Karbala was fought in 6A.H.
The battle of Karbala was fought among the small army of Hussain bin Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) who is the grandson of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W and the Umayyad Caliph named Yazeed ibn Muawiya who was equipped with a large army. Recommended: Battles of Islam
Yazeed ibn Muawiya became the Caliph in 60 A.H
Yazeed ibn Muawiya became the Caliph in 60 A.H after his father Muawiyah (may Allah be pleased with him) died. His rule was based in Damascus. Yazeed ibn Muawiya was a young man in his early thirties yet the Muslim community did not like him over his wrongdoings and behavior.
A divide was seen among the Muslim community: Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) and Abdullah bin Zubair were of the view that in such a situation where many of the cities under the Muslim leadership announced that they would not be loyal to Yazeed ibn Muawiya.
Yazeed ibn Muawiya should not continue to be the Caliph. Abdullah bin Umar and Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) were of the view that he shall not be overthrown as this would lead chaotic situation.
Hussain R.A was in Makkah
Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was in Makkah. There he received a lot of letters by the people of Kufa. The people pleaded him to restore the unity of the Muslim community by removing Yazeed ibn Muawiya. Hussain could not ignore the matter as the letters of plea had reached a number greater than 100.
Muslim ibn Aqeel, who was a cousin of Hussain was sent by Hussain to Kufa. When he reached there, people of Kufa circled him and while holding his hands promised faithfulness towards Hussain.
On this Muslim wrote to Hussain that he shall give a visit here as the people are hopefully looking forward to him.
Hussain R.A left for Kufa trusting on the people of Kufa
On receiving the news, Hussain along with his family and relatives formed a small group and left for Kufa. Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) was well aware of the unfaithfulness of people of Kufa, he knew that it was people of Kufa who had first betrayed Ali, the father of Hussain.
Abdullah bin Abbas requested Hussain not to trust the people of Kufa. Yet Hussain left as he could not ignore the pleas of people. Until that time, Hazrat Hussain R.A. had not idea that the battle of Karbala will be fought there.
Yazeed ibn Muawiya overthrew the governor of Kufa
Nevertheless, only while he was on his way things had gotten worse. Yazeed ibn Muawiya had overthrown the governor of Kufa and his newly appointed governor was instructed to heavily charge those who are against Yazeed ibn Muawiya. Following these instructions, he killed Muslim ibn Aqeel.
When people saw this, they started to obey Yazeed ibn Muawiya leaving Hussain alone. These unfaithful people on the orders of Yazeed ibn Muawiya formed an army and missioned to capture or kill Hussain!
People of Kufa stood against Hussain R.A
When they reached Hussain, Hussain tried to convince them that he was only here on their call. He even produced those letters which they had themselves written to him, yet these people had no shame and were determined to capture Hussain dead or alive.
Hussain R.A saw Prophet Muhammad S.A.W in a dream
On this Hussain asked them to not to hold fight on the night of Ashura. The night of blessing shall be spent in worship. He and his carven worshiped at that night.
He also called his sister named Zainab not to get depressed and cry after he gets martyred as his martyrdom would let him earn a greater rank.
On the very night, he saw Prophet Muhammad S.A.W in his dream telling him to remain patient as he is to join him shortly.
The battle of Karbala between Hussain R.A. and Yazeed ibn Muawiya
In the morning the caravan was attacked by the mighty army. The friends and family of Hussain tried their best to protect Hussain from these evil people, yet they were armed and much greater in number.
The fight was bloody when in which one after one the members of caravan faced death. Hussain fought till the time he could.
It was the time of Jumma prayer when Hussain asked his enemies to halt the fight so that he could offer his prayers. Yet they refused, and Hussain offered his prayers through signs.
When Hussain became thirsty and approached a river nearby, a man threw an arrow at him and prevented him from drinking water. Hussain cursed him to die of thirst and it is said that he actually did die of thirst.
These unfaithful and un-loyal people were the most cowards. They did not approach Hussain and held one-to-one fights, they would come in groups and throw arrows from far away.
Soon, the head of Hussain R.A was detached from his body
Soon Shimr Zil Jawshan hit his head and caused his head to detach from his body. His dead body was poorly treated: some cursed people along their horses rode over it.
The people not only killed him but also became enemy of his family, they did not show mercy to children either. It is reported that Zain ul Abideen was able to survive because he was left behind due to his illness.
Everyone involved in Battle of Karbala died soon
His blessed head was served to the governor of Kufa named Ubaidullah Ibn Ziyad who acknowledged the beauty of it. He disrespected it by touching it through a stick. Yet he himself died exactly six years later and his head was presented to Mukhtar ibn Abi Ubaid.
When the head was presented to Yazeed ibn Muawiya, he regretted killing him. He thereby sent the family of Hussain back to Madinah. However, shortly after three years Yazeed ibn Muawiya also faced death. It is reported that all the murderers lived a miserable life and died shortly.
The death of Hussain R.A saddened Madina
The family had suffered from a tragedy, yet they remained patient, returning to Madinah with such tragic news dulled the atmosphere of Madinah. Every heartfelt the pain of a great loss.
The death of Hussain is for sure tragic, yet his life was spent on truthfulness. He did what a true man shall have done. Indeed, we need to learn from the exceptional personality. Hussain R.A was martyred in the battle of Karbala, yet he has won the war.