Abdullah bin Ubay was a hypocrite
His life was aimed at defaming Islam and Holy Prophet PBUH. He used to make plans to divide Muslims so that Muslims would become a weak nation. He would claim himself a Muslim yet was the greatest enemy of Islam. He could not see Islam flourish and would try hard to divide and rule the Muslims.
Abdullah Bin Ubay was the leader of hypocrites. He would lead other munafiqs to hold conspiracies against Islam. Yet he was not able to do what he wished for. He could not defame Islam and the Prophet PBUH as Allah protected Islam and the Prophet PBUH from his evils.
Prophet Muhammad S.A.W knew about his hypocrisy
The Holy Prophet PBUH was made aware that he is a Munafiq and Allah would inform the Prophet PBUH about Ubay’s evil plans. There are many verses that were sent down to reveal his plots. The Chapter of the Holy Quran named Al Munafiqun is also about such munafiqs.
Allah’s help enabled the Prophet PBUH to take wise steps and not to fall prey for Ubay’s plans. The Prophet PBUH would remain calm and take precautionary and wise steps to escape Ubay’s evil.
In fact, at one time Prophet Muhammad S.A.W ordered to burn a mosque. Masjid Dirar is the mosque which Prophet Muhammad S.A.W ordered to Burn.
Abdullah bin Ubay died in the year 9 Hijri
Abdullah bin Ubay died in the year 9 A.H. All his plans got useless, all his efforts were reward-less, and all his wishes remain un-granted as he died in the month of Dhul Qada.
The son of Abdullah bin Ubay became a great Mujahid
Look at Allah’s miracles, Abdullah Bin Ubay was the leader of Hypocrites yet his very son was a great Muslim. His son Abdullah bin Abdullah was a mujahid whose services for Islam are remarkable. He was a true and sincere Muslim who led the life of a pious.
Subhan Allah, a man whose life was aimed at defaming Islam, his own son was at a mission of spreading Islam! Yet the question that many of us have in our minds is that why did Prophet PBUH lead the funeral prayers of the Hypocrite?
Why did Prophet Muhammad S.A.W lead the funeral of Abdullah bin Ubay?
It is said that when Abdullah bin Ubay died, his son Abdullah approached the Prophet PBUH and asked for the shirt he PBUH was wearing. Abdullah told the Prophet PBUH that he wants the blessed shirt to wrap his father’s dead body.
He wanted the shirt for shroud purposes. The Prophet PBUH readily took off his shirt and handed down to Abdullah. Abdullah then asked Holy Prophet PBUH to conduct the funeral prayer of his father and to pray for his forgiveness.
Why is he (PBUH) going for the funeral prayer of an enemy of Islam? – Umar asked
The companions of Prophet PBUH were shocked to see Prophet accepting the demand. The Prophet PBUH asked for funeral timings and assured that he would arrive.
When it was time for Janaza prayers and Prophet PBUH was to leave, a very close companion of Prophet PBUH, Hazrat Umar R.A asked that hasn’t Allah prohibited the Prophet from leading the funeral prayers of a hypocrite? Why is he (PBUH) going for the funeral prayer of an enemy of Islam?
The Prophet prayed for him knowing that he is not going to be forgiven
The Prophet PBUH very calmly and smiling recalled the verse of Surah Tauba that Allah has given the Prophet PBUH the choice of either asking for the forgiveness of such people or not. Yet Allah would not forgive these hypocrites even if the Prophet would seek for their forgiveness 70 times.
The sins of these hypocrites are unforgivable, and Allah shall punish them no matter Prophet PBUH prays for them or not.
Allah sent revelation later
Allah Almighty sent down the Quranic verse that the Prophet PBUH shall not conduct their funeral prayers and shall not stand on their graves of the rebels. They denied Allah and the Prophet PBUH. They died as rebels and they shan’t be granted forgiveness.
After this instruction, the Prophet PBUH did not lead the funeral prayer of any Munafiq nor did he stood on their graves to pray for their forgiveness.
A beautiful Lesson from the Story
There is beautiful wisdom behind Prophet PBUH conducting funeral prayer of Abdullah bin Ubay. There were many people close to him and seeing that Prophet is so kind towards a person who had been an enemy for a long time soften their hearts for Islam.
Due to this act of Prophet PBUH thousands of people converted to Islam! Of course, Allah could have guided the Prophet PBUH not to stand on graves of Hypocrites nor to perform their Funeral prayer before the death of bin Ubay yet there was wisdom behind and it is a great one.