Jummah prayer is the Friday prayer that Muslims hold every Friday. The Friday prayer is to be offered in the mosque, in the congregation, by the Muslim men. The Friday prayers are not obligatory for the Muslim women. They can offer simple Duhr prayers at home.
All around the world, the Friday prayers have special importance for the Muslims. There are more worshippers at the mosques for this prayer than the usual prayers.
However, do you know that most of the Muslims make certain mistakes during the Jummah prayers! We shall always be careful about our prayers, especially those which have greater significance.
Here is a list of the common mistakes that are made during the Jummah prayers. By committing these mistakes, we are actually loosing the entire thawab of Jummah prayer.
1-To speak during the Khutbah: Speaking during the Khutbah is not allowed by the Holy Prophet PUH. One shall not distract oneself or others during the Khutbah. No talk is greater than the words of Allah. The Holy Prophet PBUH even forbade the Muslims to ask someone to “keep quiet” during the Khutbah.
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) (p.b.u.h) said, “When the Imam is delivering the Khutba, and you ask your companion to keep quiet and listen, then no doubt you have done an evil act.” – Sahih al-Bukhari 934
2-Getting distracted during the Khutbah: Those who get distracted during the Jummah Khutbah shall not get the reward of the Jummah prayer. The khutbah should be listened with all attention. Those who do not pay attention to it shall not get its reward.
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said, “One who distracts himself with pebbles during the Khutbah will not get the (Jumu'ah) reward”. – Muslim
3-Engaging in work during the Friday prayer: When the Adhan of the Jummah prayer has been called out, it is obligatory for all the Muslims to halt their work and get ready for the Jummah prayer. Engaging in work during the Jummah prayer is forbidden.
O you who have believed, when [the adhan] is called for the prayer on the day of Jumu'ah [Friday], then proceed to the remembrance of Allah and leave the trade. That is better for you if you only knew. – Quran 62:9
4-Late Arrival: one shall always be prepared for the Jummah prayer. Would you deliberately get late for an important meeting? No, then why get late for Jummah prayer? The Prophet PBUH said (found in Tirmidhi) that there is a reward of fasting and praying on every step for the one who takes a ghusl and arrives at the mosque early for the Jummah prayer and sits near the Khatib.
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “On every Friday the angels take their stand at every gate of the mosque to write the names of the people chronologically (i.e. according to the time of their arrival for the Friday prayer) and when the Imam sits (on the pulpit) they fold up their scrolls and get ready to listen to the sermon.” – Sahih al-Bukhari 3211
5-Not wearing the best and clean clothes: According to Sunnah, one shall wear their best and cleanest clothes for Jummah prayers. The Prophet PBUH used to advice his companions for wearing clean and best clothes.
It was narrated from ‘Aishah that the Prophet (ﷺ) delivered a sermon to the people on Friday, and he saw them wearing woolen clothes. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “There is nothing wrong with any one of you if he can afford it, buying two garments for Friday, other than his daily work clothes.” – Sunan Ibn Majah Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1096