During the life of Prophet (PBUH), a Muslim named Bashir and a Jew had a conflict on a particular matter. It so happens that Bashir was on the wrong side and he knew that he had done wrong. He felt guilty and knew that if there was to be a just decision then he would lose this case.
The Justest person in the entire Arab: Therefore, he proposed that they should take the case to a Jew named Ka’b ibn Ashraf. Ka’b was not a man whose decisions could be trusted because he was known to accept bribes. Therefore, the Jew proposed that the matter should be taken to the justest person in all of Arab, the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
No matter which religion a person belonged to, the whole Arab believed in the Holy Prophet (PBUH). He was considered the most truthful and just person and even his enemies believed him.
The Holy Prophet’s (PBUH) character was undoubted and whatever decision he made, the believers and the non-believers accepted it without further thought.
The Jew went to the Holy Prophet S.A.W: It was not yet decided that to whom the case should be referred to but the Jew went to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) without the consent of Bashir. The Jew was on the right side and rightfully so, the Holy Prophet also made the decision in his favor.
But Bashir did not give up. He thought he could still somehow win this case and suggested that they should take the case to Hazrat Umar Farooq (May Allah be pleased with him). Hazrat Umar Farooq (May Allah be pleased with him) was a man of great character and one of the closest companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
The Jew and Bashir went to Hazrat Umar and told him the problem. The Jew also explained that the case had been resolved and that the Holy Prophet (PBUH) had given the decision in his favor but Bashir did not agree.
Bashir was beheaded then and there: Upon hearing this, Hazrat Umar confirmed from Bashir whether this was true or not. When Bashir said that it was true, Hazrat Umar brought his sword and beheaded Bashir then and there.
Upon doing this Hazrat Umar said, “The one who is not satisfied with the verdict of Allah and his Prophet (Peace Be upon Him), such is the verdict of Umar.”
Bashir was a hypocrite as firstly he was not on the right side of the conflict. Then he tried to use different means to prove his case right. He had committed blasphemy by not accepting what the messenger of Allah had decided.
Later, Bashir’s family took the case to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) for blood money as Bashir was a Muslim.
The Holy Quran: Allah revealed the verses of the Holy Qur’an ([Nisa 4:60], [Nisa 4:61], [Nisa 4:62]) which stated that the hypocrite had tried to use false means and that he had turned away from the decision of the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Therefore, no blood money was sanctioned in any way to the heirs of Bashir. Hazrat Umar was not given any punishment but rather was given the title of ‘Farooq’ which means differentiator of right and wrong.