Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is compulsory for every Muslim who is in a stable financial condition. It is a form of charity that is given to the needy and poor people. The main objective to give zakat is to help the society. By giving zakat a balance is maintained in the society.
It helps the poor people to attain something from wealthy people. As it is said in Islam, give zakat, it purifies your wealth. It never causes any decrease in your wealth. Muslims who gives Zakat gets a marvelous reward from Allah in this world and hereafter.
Zakat cannot be given to everybody, there are some specific people to whom zakat is paid. There are 8 kind of people to whom Zakat can be paid. There are also some kind of people to whom Zakat cannot be paid.
1-FUQARA: Fuqara are the people who are very poor and they do not possess enough means to live their life like normal peoples. These people truly deserve zakat.
2-Al-Masakin: Masakin is extremely poor and needy people who have no source of income. You must pay your zakat to masakin as it will help them in improving their life.
3-Zakat collector: Now there are many authorized trustworthy NGO’s which work for underprivileged communities, these are the people who collect your zakat’s and provide them to the truly needy people.
4-New Muslims: Those who have converted to Islam and are needy they are eligible for your zakat.
5-Freeing captives: You can utilize your zakat money to free captives from slavery.
6-Debtors: You can use your zakat to help the debtors to pay off their money. First, make sure that the money he borrowed from someone is not used for any illegal or anti-Islam purpose.
7-In the path of Allah: Zakat can be given to people who are striving and fighting for Allah.
8-Wayfarer: Wayfarer means travelers. Zakat can be given to travelers who are left alone in any foreign land and don’t have any money. Zakat can also be given to refugees as they left the country because of excessive violence.
Quran: Zakah expenditures are only for the poor and for the needy and for those employed to collect [zakah] and for bringing hearts together [for Islam] and for freeing captives [or slaves] and for those in debt and for the cause of Allah and for the [stranded] traveler – an obligation [imposed] by Allah. And Allah is Knowing and Wise. – Quran 9:60