The famous mount of Uhud is the one where the second battle of Islam was fought. The battle is named as the battle of Uhud. It was fought on 7th of Shawwal 3 Hijri. One who has read about the Battle of Uhud can feel that how the battle took place there.
Before you visit the mount of Uhud do read the following lines, your trip will turn out to be a great one.
1-After the disbelievers were defeated in the battle of Badr, they wanted to throw another fight and overcome the humiliation of the defeat. They built a massive army which comprised of 3000 soldiers, 300 camels, 200 horses and 700 armors.
2-Hind was leading the women who came to enjoy the death of those who had killed their men. Abu Sufyan, Hind’s husband was a non-Muslim at that time and was leading the army of Makkah. Ikrimah bin Abu Jahl and Khalid bin Waleed, who had not accepted Islam at that time were commanding the left and right flak respectively.
3-The Muslims, however, were able to build an army of only 700 men. These 700 men under the leadership of Prophet PBUH left for Uhud valley from Madinah. Zubair bin al-Awwam and Mundhir bin Amr (may Allah be pleased with both of them) were made commanders of right and left wing respectively.
The uncle of the beloved Prophet PBUH and a fearless warrior, Hazrat Hamza (may Allah be pleased with him) was given the post of the advance guard.
4-Masjid Shaikhain marks the spot where the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) prayed salah on the eve of the battle of Uhud on the 14th Sha’ban 3AH (625 CE). The preparations for the battle were made here.
Masjid Mustarah is where the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) rested and prayed after the battle of Uhud. The meaning of Mustarah is to ‘take rest’. This site was an important strategic location for the security of Madina.
5-As per strategic planning, 50 archers were ordered to get positioned at the mountainside. This would help the Muslims to remain safe even if the disbelievers attacked them from the rear. The leadership of these archers was bestowed on Abdullah bin Jubair (may Allah be pleased with him).
The Prophet PBUH gave them special orders that they are not to leave their position until they get an order.
6-These are the demolished remains of a masjid (mosque) at the foot of the mountain below the cave of Uhud. On the day of the Battle of Uhud, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) offered the Duhr prayer here.
7-When the two armies came face to face and the battle started, the Muslims were able to dominate them. Abu Dujanah R.A and Hazrat Hamza (may Allah be pleased with both of them) were the ones who fought heroically. They would fearlessly approach the enemy and wipe them out.
8-Hazrat Hamza R.A got martyred by an Abyssinian slave named Wahshi bin Harb. He was a slave of Jubayr bin Mutim, who promised him freedom for killing Hamza. Losing Hamza was a great loss but it did not make Muslims down. They fought with the same valor and courage.
They were able to make the enemy feel they had lost another battle and most of them had run away from the battlefield. The women had also scattered in fear. The victory was becoming the fate of Muslims, yet a tragic incident occurred.
9-The archers who were ordered not leave their positions disobeyed their orders. Out of 50 archers, 40 left their positions and approached the mountain. They were sure that the battle was over, yet it wasn’t. Their act made the Muslim army weak as they could not bear any counter-attack.
The battle wasn’t over yet, the enemy had run away and it could approach the battlefield again with a new strategy.
10-This is exactly what happened next. Khalid bin Waleed saw that archers had left their position and now Muslims could not defend themselves against a counter attack. So he and his men came back and attacked the Muslim army. They were able to kill many Muslim soldiers.
11-The Muslims could not combat the sudden attack. They could not come up with another strategy to regain strength. The attack had made them weak. The Prophet PBUH got hit by a rock which chipped the Prophet’s PBUH teeth, cut his lower lip and damages his helmet.
12-Meanwhile, another incident occurred. Musab bin Umair (may Allah be pleased with him), who greatly resembled the Prophet PBUH, got martyred. Abdullah bin Qam’a had killed him and thought he had killed the Prophet PBUH. He started to celebrate his victory by shouting that he has been able to kill Muhammad S.A.Q
Rumor it was, yet it let down the morale of the Muslims warriors. They lost all their hopes. Prophet’s death was a great shock to them. In their despair, the enemy found them an easy prey and killed a bunch of Muslims easily.
The Muslims won’t even fight back and called that they ought to die for the cause Prophet PBUH had died. The Muslim army was in deep crisis. The Prophet PBUH wasn’t dead and they were being defeated in a war which they had almost won!
13-The Muslims were only able to rejoice when Ka’b bin Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) saw Prophet PBUH. Even though the Prophet PBUH had his face covered with a helmet, Ka’b was able to recognize his leader through eyes. He alarmed Muslims that the Prophet was alive!
The Muslims were able to come back to reality and soon they started coming close to the Prophet PBUH. In a while, 30 Muslims circled the Prophet PBUH who led them to a higher mountain as it is difficult to attack someone who is in a higher position.
14-It was a wise decision to leave the battlefield and retreat as it saved Muslims from further losses. The Muslims could not emerge out victorious in the battle because of their disobedience. They themselves let the victory slip out of their hands.
Only if the archers had maintained their positions, the enemy could not have wiped them away in a counter attack. With the background of the battle of Uhud, the visit to the mount of Uhud becomes a great one. The whole story gets refreshed!
Source: Islamic Landmark