When one enters Ihram he/she is to abide by some rules and regulations. There are certain actions and activities that are prohibited while one is in Ihram. It is very important to know about them in detail to ensure that the Hajj and Umrah is performed properly and accepted by Allah.
1-Shaving hair: One shall not shave off the hair of the head after he/she has worn the Ihram. However, the Muslim scholars also direct Muslims to not to shave off any hair of the body while they are in Ihram. So one shall not shave or trim any body hair nor cut or trim nails while they are in Ihram.
It is not only restricted to cutting the hair of the body, one is not allowed to cut nails, pulling out the teeth and causing blood to come out of the body including blood donation. It is also not allowed to comb your hair as it may lead to falling some hair from your head.
“And do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached its place of slaughter.” – Quran 2:196
2-Applying Perfume: Use of perfume is also prohibited in the state of Ihram. One cannot apply perfume on clothes or directly on the body. It is also prohibited to use perfume in any other way while one in Ihram. In fact, you cannot even use shampoo or soap with perfume.
In this regard, it is also said that one is not allowed to apply kohl on the eyes. Women should avoid using cosmetics during all the time when they are in Ihram. Similarly, it is also not allowed to apply oil on the body while you are in the state of Ihram.
The Prophet PBUH did not allow to use perfume to wash a deceased Muhrim. (A muhrim is one who has entered Ihram). A Muhrim died as his camel trampled him, the Prophet PBUH directed people to not to use Hanoot.
Hanoot is basically a perfume that is used to wash the dead ones. The Prophet PBUH asked the people to wash a deceased Muhrim with water and leaves of the Lotus plant.
Ibn Abbas narrated: “We were with the Messenger of Allah on a journey when he saw a man fall from his camel, his neck was broken and he died, and he was a Muhrim.
So the Messenger of Allah said: ‘Wash him with water and Sidr, and shroud him in his garments, and do not cover his head. For indeed he will be resurrected on the Day of Judgment saying the Talbiyah.'” – Jami` at-Tirmidhi 951
3-Having Intercourse: One is not allowed to have intercourse while he/she is in Ihram. According to the Quran, those who wish to perform Hajj and have entered Ihram shall restrain from having intercourse with their wives. They shall also refrain from sins and not hold unjust disputes with anyone during their Hajj.
It is also important to mention here that when one is not allowed to have sexual intercourse, he is also not allowed to masturbate.
Whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein [by entering the state of ihram], there is [to be for him] no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj – Quran 2:197
4-Getting near to your wife for desire and getting married: One shall not touch his wife for desire while they are in Ihram. so when Allah says not to have a sexual relationship with wives, it includes that you cannot touch or kiss your wife with desires.
In this regard, one is not allowed to look at the woman and indulging in fore-play.
Moreover, one is not allowed to get married or even send a marriage proposal while he/she is in Ihram.
5-Hunting: One cannot hunt an animal (play killing game) while he is in Ihram. This prohibition is very much clearer in the Holy Quran. Some scholars say that you cannot even kill insects which are not harmful to others.
For example, don’t kill an ant while you are in Ihram. However, there is nothing wrong with killing a snake or scorpion.
O you who have believed, do not kill game while you are in the state of ihram. – Quran 5:95
6A-Exclusive prohibitions for MALE muhrims: The Prophet PBUH briefed that a Male Muhrim cannot wear any stitched item including Shirts, Robes that have hoods, Trousers, Slippers made of leather and Turbans. The scholars have prohibited Muslims from wearing the garments that are sewn.
6B–Exclusive prohibition for FEMALE muhrims: Muslim females who have entered Ihram either for Hajj or Umrah cannot wear niqaab in a normal way. This means that they cannot cover their faces in a way that the piece of cloth touches their face. There are special kind of niqabs available for women which cover their faces but does not let the cloth to touch their face.
We should take care of these things and stay away from all these actions that are prohibited while we have entered Ihram.
However, Allah Almighty has eased upon Muslims that if they did undertake any of the prohibited activities because of their ignorance or they were forced into it, they can pay a penalty and get away with it.
If a Muslim hunted an animal while he was in Ihram, he has to bring in an eatable animal (like sheep, cow, goat, camel). This animal has to be brought to Kabah and shall be equivalent to the animal that was hunted and killed. – Quran 5:95
Source: Islam QA