If you read the history of Hajr e Aswad, you will get to know that it was stolen and remained lost for 23 years. It is not an ordinary stone; Muslims have affiliations with it. The stone is located at the eastern cornerstone of the Holy Kaaba.
Hajr e Aswad is held safe in a frame
Muslims around the world try to kiss it and see it whenever they visit Makkah for Hajj or Umrah. Hajr e Aswad is now held safe in a silver frame to avoid the risk of being stolen again. Visitors can see through the opening of the frame.
They cannot touch it, yet can only see it. It is considered sacred as it was set by Prophet Muhammad S.A.W and is blessed from the heavens. It is also known as the foundation stone of Holy Kaaba. Recommended: 7 unknown facts about Hajr-e-Aswad
How was Hajr e Aswad stolen?
Not many people know that Hajr e Aswad was stolen from Makkah and remained lost for 23 years! The Qarmatians stole Hajr e Aswad in January 930 and took it to their Hajar base (what now is Bahrain) by the Qarmatian leader, Abu Tahir al-Qarmati.
Abu Tahir al-Qarmati was a Qarmati ruler of the historical and ancient Bahrain. His brother Abū Saʿīd Hasan ibn Bahrām al-Jannābī was the founder of the Qarmatian state. Abu Tahir al-Qarmati became the leader in 923.
His reign saw an expansion. He raided Basra in 923 and Kufa in 927. He also threatened to take over Baghdad and robbed much of Iraq. He was not considered as a peaceful leader.
In 930, the Qarmatian leader underwent a horrible plan. He planned to attack Makkah. When he first arrived in the city, he wasn’t allowed to enter. So he took an oath of peace that guaranteed that he will remain in peace here.
The Holy Kaaba was attacked
He did not keep his oath. What he did was not peaceful at all. On the very first day of Hajj, the Qarmatians attacked Makkah with an intention to steal Hajr e Aswad. The Qarmatians’ army came up with their horses and entered Masjid al-Haram.
They started massacring the pilgrims brutally. The reports indicate that about 30,000 pilgrims were killed as they were praying around the Kaaba. The Qarmatians were taunting the pilgrims with the verses of the Holy Quran as they were being killed.
They looted the Kaaba, destroyed the buildings, houses were plundered, slaves were seized, Hajr e Aswad was stolen and the dead bodies of pilgrims were thrown in the well of Zamzam to despoil it while other dead ones were left on streets to get rotten away.
Abu Tahir stole Hajr e Aswad from Makkah
The history tells us that Abu Tahir then stole Hajr e Aswad and held in his possession. He took it to Masjid al Dirar so that it could be placed there. He wanted to make the Masjid a sacred place and redirect the Hajj from Makkah to Masjid al Dirar. But he never got what he wanted!
He died the most horrific death, his body and flesh were eaten away by worms. The stone was taken away 23 years later by paying huge ransom money.
The Abbasids had to pay a huge amount of money to get the black stone back. The stone was broken down into seven pieces during its hostage and removal.