1-The National flag of India is a rectangularly shaped flag that consists of three colors, deep saffron which looks more like an orange, a crisp white and an Indian shade of green. Between these three colors, on the white color is designed a Dharma Chakra which is a 24 spoke wheel in the color deep navy blue. The three colors of this flag are also known as ‘tricolor’ and have a special meaning behind them. The deep saffron color shows courage and extreme sacrifices and compromises. The crisp white color depicts peace, truth, and unity amongst the entire nation. Lastly, the green color shows faith and fertility. Also, the blue color on the wheel represents the sky and the ocean.
2-The Dharma Chakra is also known as the Wheel of Law in the Sarnath Lion Capital. The Chakra depicts the progress of the nation and how important and valuable justice in everyone’s life. This Chakra symbol or the Wheel of Law is a Buddhist symbol which goes back to the 200th century BC.[irp]
3-This flag is based on the Swaraj flag which is a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya.
4-This flag was adopted on the 22nd of July in 1947 after India was independent of the Great Britain.
5-The flag is made of a special material in Khadi, which is a hand spun cloth or even silk which was made by Mahatma Gandhi himself. The manufacturing process and various specifications for the flag are done by the Bureau of Indian Standards.
6-The rights given for manufacturing of this flag are given to the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission. Back in 2009, these rights were given to the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha who was the sole manufacturers of the Indian flag.
7-The usage of the Indian flag is governed by the Flag Code of India and other various laws that are related to the national emblems. The initial code stated how the private citizens of India could not use this flag unless on the national days such as Independence Day or the Republic Day. Back in 2002, this code was changed after a private citizen named Naveen Jindal appealed to the Supreme Court to allow the usage of this flag by private citizens as well. However, at the same time, the Union Cabinet of India stated how the flag had a certain limit to which it could be used on. This code was then again changed a bit in 2005 which allowed the flag to be used on certain forms of clothing as well as being used with other national and non-national flags.
8-Furthermore, if the Indian flag is used in a parade with other or another flag, it should be marching on the right or alone in the center at the front. This flag can be used for a statue, monument of plaque but never can it be used to cover a specific object!