It is seemingly just a barren desert as you approach closer to Sakaka City. However once close enough you can see an amazing contrast between the dry desert sand and the green fields around the city.
You can head on over to Sakaka city after landing at the Jouf Airport, the journey which spans across 30 kilometers is done on wide roads which have olive trees planted on both sides, which made it look even more like a Mediterranean country.[irp]
From Sakaka you can head on over to the town of Domat Al-Jandal, with or without the help of a local guide from the area, where the mosque of Omar bin Al Khattab stands. It is generally believed that Omar (RA) had ordered the construction of this mosque upon his return from the Bait Al Maqdis, which is in Jerusalem.
The construction of the mosque of Omar (RA) is said to date back over 1300 years which makes it a heritage site and a historic landmark. Once you get close enough you will be able to view a lofty minaret which stands tall amongst the low historic structures in the area.
The minaret is standing directly adjacent to the Mosque of Omar (RA) and is also said to be amongst the oldest mosques in the world. The real mosque is located around two levels below the ground level which can be accessed through special stairs.
The entrance of the mosque is comparatively smaller in comparison to the prayer halls. The pathways of the mosque are made of cobblestones which ultimately lead to the mosque’s courtyard. Around the Masjid, you can find a historic and ancient castle which is named as the Qasr Maarid (meaning the Maarid Castle).
Hazrat Khalid Bin Waleed R.A was able to capture the ruler of Duma during the third expedition. Khalid bin Walid took along an army of 420 riders to conquer Duma. The mosque is divided into two sections, the northernmost area being the original construction while everything south of it was added later during expansion projects.
In the more recent construction, the building does not even have a door. The structure has been constructed with uneven stones which have been held together with mortar. The roof of the construction is lined with straw and wood has been kept to reinforce the roof, which ultimately gives the mosque a historical feel.
If you head on over to the original construction of the mosque, you will see tiny wooden doors which seem newer than the surroundings. However, once you enter, you can see history as much of the original structure and design has remained the same.
It is surprising that roof access can both the structures for the public; however, visitors should refrain from going on the straw and wood roof, in order not to damage it or the history that it carries with it. Overcrowding on the roof can cause damage to the site’s heritage.
Around the Domat Al-Jandal area, there are numerous various other places to explore. Most of these interesting places are located within proximity of the mosque and visitors can easily visit them. Those interested in ancient buildings and history can roam around the old city area and admire the ancient houses and their architecture.