There are some pillars in the mosque of the Prophet located in Madina which have a very special significance. By the grace of Allah, all the locations of the initial pillars have been preserved till today. Signs have been put up to indicate the different names of these pillars.
Many of the people who pay homage to the Prophet's Mosque are completely oblivious to the specialty of these pillars and are often unaware of the rich history associated with each of these pillars. If you ever get the fortunate chance of visiting the Prophet’s mosque, please do visit the following locations.[irp]
Ustuwaanah Hannaanah: The Ustwaanah Hannaanah is the pillar which is located behind the mihrab of the Holy Prophet Mosque. The pillar is located towards the righter side and is considered as one of the most blessed pillars as it used to be the place of prayer of the Holy Prophet.
A date palm used to once grow in this specific spot and the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) would often lean on the pillar while delivering his sermon.
Ustuwaanah Aishah: This pillar also became known as the Ustuwaanah Muhajireen because the Muhajireen or the Emigrants from Makkah to Madina used to sit near this spot.
Before the Ustwaanah Hannaanah, the Holy Prophet would pray on this spot. The pillar is also called Ustuwaanah Qur’ah. The pillar is now known as Ustuwaanah Aishah as She pointed out the exact location and reported the Hadith.
Ustuwaanah Tawbah/Abu Lubabah: During the battle with the Banu Quraydah, once the enemies of Islam had been surrounded by the Muslim forces, the besieged tribe called upon Abu Lubabah (may Allah be pleased) to inquire as to what the Muslim forces had planned to do with them. Since Abu Lubabah had previously dealt with the Banu Quraydah and after seeing them wailing and crying, Abu Lubabah disclosed to them what the Muslims were planning to do.
As he wasn’t supposed to do so, he realized his mistake and became angry at himself. He proceeded to the Mosque where he came to a date tree and said that if he is not forgiven by Allah he would not be taken down from there.
He added that the Holy Prophet could only take off his bonds if he had been truly forgiven. The Prophet said that if he had come to him, he would have prayed for his forgiveness but since he has taken it upon himself he must get the answer himself too.
Hence he waited there for days, without food or water. However, after a few days, good news came that he had been forgiven and the Holy Prophet himself untied him when he went for Fajr prayers. The pillar is called Ustwaanah Tawbah or Abu Lubabah because this is exactly where Abu Lubabah himself sought repentance.
Ustwaanah Sareer: the word Sareer means the sleeping place. It has been reported that the Holy Prophet himself used to make Etikaf here. For those of you who may not know, Etikaf is when a person secludes himself to the mosque and devotes himself to prayers while ridding him of all other worldly problems.
In the time of the Holy Prophet a wooden platform used to be kept in the same spot and was used by the Holy Prophet to sleep on.
Ustuwaanah Hars/Ali: Hars literally means to watch or to protect. This spot used to be where the loyal companions of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him and them) used to sit and keep an eye on everything, basically acting as gatekeepers and security for the Holy Prophet and the other Muslims in the mosque.
Ali (may Allah be pleased) would often be one of those who would be sitting guard at this location and hence the pillar became also known as Ustuwaanah Ali.
Ustuwaanah Wufood: the translation of Wufood is delegation. Whenever and from wherever a delegation used to arrive in Madina to meet with the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) on behalf or as representatives of their tribes, this would be the meeting place of all delegations. The Holy Prophet would often talk to them for long hours in which he would often teach them about Islam.
Ustuwaanah Tahajjud: It has been reported that this was the exact spot as to where a carpet would be spread late at night and the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) would perform his Tahajjud prayers after everybody had left.
An indication was present in this place to pinpoint the exact location of the place where the Holy Prophet would perform his Tahajjud, however, it has now been hidden with a bookcase or shelf.
Ustuwaanah Jibraeel: The location of this pillar was the most common and usual place where the angel Jibraeel used to enter the mosque to visit the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). Today, however, it cannot be it lies within the sacred room of the Holy Prophet.
Even though these 8 places inside the mosque have a lot of rich history behind it, the rest of the Mosque, as well as the city of Madina, are equally special. In the city or even in the mosque, you cannot take even one step without imagining that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) and his loyal companions must have walked down the same place hundreds of years ago.
There are even some pillars inside of the Mosque which indicate or show the original boundary of the Mosque when it was first built. The mosque was much smaller when it had been built initially and over time and through various expansion projects the Mosque has reached the size it is today.
Source: Ilm Feed