01-Daarul Arqam – The area which is located at the foot of the Mount Safa was reportedly the area where the House of Arqam or Daarul Arqam were located.
During the earlier years of Islam, the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) started preaching the religion secretly in this very area.
02-Darun Nadwah – the photo shown is of the northwestern side of the Holy Kaaba. It is in this area that the Darun Nadwah or the Assembly House was located.
The Assembly House or the Darun Nadwah served the function as the parliament house for the Quraysh tribe and it was in this same place that the initial plotting was done to try and kill the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him).
It should be noted that this area is in the boundary of the new expansion project of the Haram.
03-The House of Abbas (peace be upon him) – the area is shown in the photograph is of outside the place of Saee where approximately the House of Abbas (peace be upon him). Abbas (peace be upon him) was the Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon him) paternal uncle and protected him during his entire time in Makkah.
04-The House of Abu Bakr (peace be upon him) – This location shown is the place where the House of Abu Bakr was in the city of Makkah.
It is from here that the Hijra to Madinah began. The exact location is located on the 4th floor of the Makkah Towers Hotel Block, where the Masjid Abu Bakr has been built.
05-The house of Abu Jahal – This precise spot which is located just outside the current time’s Masaa, is reported to be the location where the house of Abu Jahal was located.
Abu Jahal was the Holy Prophet’s (peace be upon him) relative however he was also one of the worst enemies of Islam. The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) described Abu Jahal as the Firon or the Pharaoh of the Ummah.
06-The House of Khadija (peace be upon her) – This region outside the Marwa exit is approximately where the house of Khadija (peace be upon her) was situated.
It is in this location that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) lived from the time of his marriage to her up until to the time that he emigrated to Madinah.
07-The House of Umme Hani (peace be upon her) – The area shown is on the side of Bab-e-Abdul Aziz gate. This spot is believed to be the location which housed the house of Umme Hani (peace be upon her), the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) cousin and the daughter of Abu Talib.
It was at this point that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) was summoned by the Angel Jibraeel (peace be upon him) and was taken to the Bayt Al Maqdis located in Jerusalem. This event is known as the Al Isra (the night journey).
08-The Jamarat – The Jamarat are the three stone pillars which must be pelted as part of a compulsory ritual during the pilgrimage of Hajj, to imitate the actions of the Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him).
These pillars mark the three locations where Satan or Shaitan tried to discourage Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) from sacrificing his son Ismail (peace be upon him); however, Ibrahim pelted him with stones whenever he appeared in different forms. These pillars are called Jamarat al Wusta, Jamarat al-Aqaba, and the Jamarat al-Ula.
09-The Jannat-ul-Mala – The picture posted shows the Jannat-ul-Mala, which is the main historical graveyard located in Makkah, in a valley to the east of the Masjid al-Haram.
Many members of the family of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) and several Sahabah (peace be upon them) are said to be buried in this graveyard.
10-The Masjid Aisha – The Masjid Aisha which is also known as the Masjid at Tan’eem is a marking of the place where Ummul – Momineen went to enter Ihram for the pilgrimage of Umrah.
This was during the time when the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) gave instructions for the farewell Hajj. The actual Mosque or Masjid is situated around 7.5 kilometers to the south of Makkah on the road towards Madinah.
11-The Masjid Al-Jinn – The Masjid Al-Jinn is also known as the Masjid Haras and is built in the precise place where the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) drew a line for Abdullah bin Masood (peace be upon him).
He had accompanied him when he had been given the command of recitation of the Qur’an to the Jinn.
12-The Masjid Shajarah – This building shown is the Masjid Shajarah also known as the Masjid of the tree is located directly opposite to the Masjid al-Jinn.
This Masjid / Mosque marks the exact spot where the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) called upon a tree and it came to him.
It should be noted that this mosque should not be mixed up with the Masjid located in Dhul Hulayfah which is also referred to by the same name.
13-The Mount Abu Qubays – This enormous structure which is located directly adjacent to the Mount Safa is the location of Mount Abu Qubays.
Many believe that it was from this Mountaintop that the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) pointed towards the moon and split it into the half.
Source: All the information contained in this article is taken from online sources. Obviously, no one can guarantee if the information is fully accurate except Saudi Government. Saudi Government does not provide nor advertise this kind of information due to the fear of starting Biddah.