We know that Saudi Arabia is a country which is comprised of deserts. Many people wrongly believe that the biggest desert in the world is in Saudi Arabia. In this article, we have given a list of top 5 biggest deserts in the world which includes the Arabian desert of Saudi Arabia.
Antarctic Desert – the biggest desert in the world
The Antarctic Desert is the biggest desert in the world. The Antarctic desert is a polar type desert located in the southern hemisphere’s Antarctic region. The biggest desert in the world covers an area of 13.82 million square kilometers.
98 percent of the Antarctic continent is filled with snow, while 2 percent of the land on the continent is clear of any snow. The Antarctic region is considered as one of the coldest places on earth where temperatures have been recorded to fall below -89.2 degrees C.
Due to the harsh weather and terrain, there is no permanent population in Antarctica. The land is occupied by a few research camps by scientists who have been allowed to set up camps since the signing of the 1959 treaty. Only 12 countries signed that treaty and are thus the only ones allowed there.
The Arctic desert is the second biggest desert in the world and is located directly opposite the Antarctic desert. The Arctic region consists of huge ice-covered bodies of water which are surrounded by soil, below or at the freezing point of water i.e. 0 degrees.
The Arctic desert has a recorded low temperature of -68 degrees C. The second biggest desert in the world is marginally smaller than the Antarctic desert as it covers the area of 13.7 million square kilometers.
The Sahara Desert
The Sahara Desert is the third biggest desert in the world, however, it is the biggest hot desert in the world. The Sahara Desert covers most of North Africa while it is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean from the western side, the Mediterranean Sea and Atlas Mountains to their north, Egypt and the Red Sea to the east and the Valley of the Niger River and Sudan from the South.
The Sahara Desert is so huge that many countries share the desert. Included in the list of countries that share the Sahara Desert are Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Mali, Niger, Libya, Mauritania, and Sudan. The Sahara Desert is a subtropical desert. It covers an area of 9.1 million square kilometers.
The Arabian Desert
The Arabian desert is another Subtropical desert and the 4th biggest desert in the world. The Arabian Desert is so vast and huge that it is shared by many countries like Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Iraq, Jordan, Oman, Yemen and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The Arabian desert covers an area of 2.3 million square kilometers.
In the summer months, the temperature in the desert rises to 40 – 50 degrees C while in winter the temperature falls to 5 – 15 degrees C. Other than the historical importance of the desert, it has gained immense popularity since oil and gas were discovered beneath it.
The Gobi Desert
The Gobi Desert is a cold winter desert located in the north and northwestern parts of China, and the southern part of Mongolia. It is the 5th biggest desert in the world covering an area of 1.3 million square kilometers.
The temperatures during the summer months reach up to 50 degrees C. and in the winter the temperature drops to about – 40 degrees C. the area for the Gobi Desert is calculated at 500,000 square miles.