Ramadan is one of the most important months of the Islamic Calendar. It is one of my favorites. The reason behind it is quite simple. It gives me the most opportunity to pray and follow the principles of Islam. Ever wondered how do Muslims fast in the countries where Sun does not set? This phenomenon is called midnight sun. Recommended: 6 Tips for Non-Muslims invited on Iftar during Ramadan
There are many countries or part of countries around the globe which experience the midnight sun phenomenon or the sun does not set there. For example, the Canadian Yukon, Nunavut, and Northwest Territories; the nations of Iceland, Finland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark (Greenland), Russia; and the State of Alaska in the United States.
As you know, the Muslims break their fast at the time of sunset. However, these countries do not experience any sunset, so how do Muslim fasts in such countries?
How do Muslims fast in the countries where the Sun does not set?
Muslim scholars have reached a unanimous conclusion regarding fasting and prayer timings in the areas of the world which do not experience the sunset.
The solution to their query is that they must pray five times daily according to the time to their neighboring country where the sun does set. In the same way, they can also fast according to the timings of the nearest area where Sun rises and sets.
For example, if the Dawn time in your nearest neighboring country is 02:00 AM and sunset at 10:00 PM, you need to fast for 20 hours a day. Although it is very difficult to fast for that long and I pray that may Allah accept their efforts.
An Important Note
It is very important to state that before following this principle, I would suggest you ask from a Sharia expert about it. The knowledge I have gained regarding this matter is out of my search results which should not be taken as fully reliable.
It would be better to ask from an Aalim living in the areas where Sun does not set as a Saudi Aalim will have difficulty in applying any Ijtihad which has taken place by the Aalim community of the region.