Table of Contents
Article 74 of Saudi Labor Law stipulates 7 conditions for the termination of a contract by an employee or employer in Saudi Arabia including the unfinished job contract. Here are the details;
Article 74 of the Saudi Labor Law
An employment contract is deemed to be completed, expired or terminated in the following scenarios;
Agreement of both parties
A contract can be terminated with the written agreement of a worker and employer under Article 74 (1) of Saudi Labor Law. For example, a resignation letter for an unfinished job contract accepted by the employer in Saudi Arabia.
If the time period mentioned in the contract expired, it is deemed the termination of the contract under Article 74 (2).
Note: A termination letter by the employer or resignation from the employee must be sent before the renewal of the contract in Saudi Arabia.
Termination of an Indefinite contract
Article 74 (3) states that an indefinite contract can be terminated due to a valid reason only;
- 60 days notice period is required for the termination of an indefinite contract by the employer under Article 75 of Saudi Labor Law.
- Valid Reason = Article 77 of Saudi Labor Law.
Note: A contract with an expatriate employee is always a fixed-term contract under Article 37 of Saudi Labor Law. In other words, Article 74 (3) does not apply to expatriate employees.
If an employee reaches the retirement age in Saudi Arabia, any party can request the termination of the contract with full benefits as per Article 74 (4) of Saudi Labor Law.
- Retirement age for men: 60 years.
- The retirement age for women: 55 years.
- Retirement age for male government employees: 62 Years.
Force Majeure are those events that are out of the control of any party to the contract. For example, changes to the law, disasters, explosions, fires, floods, riots, terrorist attacks, coronavirus, and wars can lead to the termination of a contract under Article 74 (5).
During the coronavirus pandemic, the Ministry of Labor suspended Article 74 (5) of Saudi Labor Law for a period of 6 months starting from April 2020 to Oct 2020.
Closure of Business
If the company or business has permanently closed down, a contract is automatically terminated under Article 74 (6) of Saudi Labor Law.
Closure of Activity
If the department or the branch where the employee used to work has ceased its operations, it can lead to termination under Article 74 (7).