Jabal-e-Thawr is the mountain that contains the cave where Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه hid as a refugee for about three days and nights when they migrated from Makkah to Madina.
1- When the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه reached the cave on Jabal-e-Thawr, Abu Bakr first cleared the place. They found a few holes and filled them with pieces of cloth. They thus stayed in the cave where Prophet Muhammad ﷺ slept on the lap of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه.
2- When Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was sleeping, something hurt on the foot of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه, but he did not move, not even a little bit. Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه felt intense pain but controlled himself as his movement might have awakened Prophet Muhammad ﷺ.
3- Prophet Muhammad ﷺ woke up and noticed Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه was in pain. He applied his saliva to the injury, which worked like magic and poof! It turned as if nothing had happened.
4– For three consecutive nights, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ stayed in the cave hiding from everyone.
5- Abdullah رضي الله عنه, who is the son of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه, spent his nights near the cave and returned to Makkah early in the morning. He collected information about the Quraish activities.
Each night Abdullah رضي الله عنه went back to Mount Thawr to inform Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and his father. However, Quraish still had no clue about them.
6- A slave of Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه cropped his goats near the cave so both could drink fresh milk.
7- When inside the cave, Allah sent a spider to spin the web across the cave entrance and ordered two doves that made a nest and lay eggs to show that no one went inside.
8- In the meantime, Quraish scoured the area of Makkah where Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه were hiding.
When the Quraish came searching for them close to the cave, Abu Bakr رضي الله عنه stressed Prophet Muhammad ﷺ safety and well-being. However, Prophet Muhammad ﷺ comforted him that Allah was with them.
9- Therefore, after seeing the spider web and dove nest, the Quraish commented that no one could possibly have entered the cave and turned back.
After three days, when the Quraish ended the search and disappeared, they left the cave and moved toward Madina.