The Jabal Abu Qubais or the mountain of Abu Qubais is located just opposite the Holy Kaaba close to the Mountain Safa. Many Islamic events are attached to the mountain. It is one of the most frequently visited Ziyarat places in Makkah.
The mountain Abu Qubais on which now a King’s palace is built is of great significance. Here are some interesting facts about it.
1 – Omar Mahmood writes in his book “Muhammad, an Evolution of God” that the very first mountain created by Allah Almighty is Mountain Abu Qubais.
2 – When Prophet Adam عليه السلام was given the task to build the Holy Kaaba, he took rocks from the very mountain. So the Holy Kaaba built on earth for the first time used foundation rocks from the mount of Abu Qubais.
3 – At Tabari believes that Prophet Adam عليه السلام breathed his last at the foot of the mountain and thereby was buried there. Omar Mahmood writes in his book “Muhammad, an Evolution of God” that Prophet Adam عليه السلام was buried near Jabal Abu Qubais.
4 – Allamah Muhammad Baqir Al-Majlisi writes in his book Hayat Al Qulub, Vol. 1, Stories of the Prophets that Prophet Ibrahim عليه السلام stood on the mountain Abu Qubais and asked people to believe in Allah and worship no one but Allah.
5 – During Prophet Noah عليه السلام era Allah Almighty sent down a flood towards the disbelievers. In order to protect the sacred stone, the Hajr-e-Aswad was kept at the mountain Abu Qubais. It is also quoted by Shaikh Abdullah in his book Biography of the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W.
6-Ali bin Abu Talib رضي الله عنه was entrusted with the responsibility to return back all the things Quraish had given Prophet Muhammad ﷺ for the safekeeping after his Migration to Madina.
Ali رضي الله عنه climbed on the Mount Abu Qubais to make an announcement. – Source
7-The disbelievers asked Prophet ﷺ to split the moon into two halves, only then they would put faith in Allah Almighty. It is said that the Prophet ﷺ either stood on or by the mount Abu Qubais and asked Allah Almighty to grant the miracle.
Allah Almighty made the full moon split into two. One half floated above mount Abu Qubais. It is also quoted by Yoel Natan writes in his book Moon-o-theism, Volume II of II
8 – During the Makkah Siege by Hajjaj bin Yousuf in 691 CE, the mount was used by the Umayyad governor to fire the catapult. Abdullah bin Zubair رضي الله عنه got martyred due to the catapult attack.