5 rewards of fasting on 10th Muharram (Ashura)

It is the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to fast on the day of Ashura which is the 10th Muharram.

6 differences between Shia and Sunni

Can we fast only on the 10th Muharram?

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ fasted on the day of Ashura 10th Muharram only throughout his life.

However, 2 months before his death on 11 Hijri Sahaba told him that Jews also fast on this day upon which Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: When the next year comes, God willing, we would observe fast on the 9th. But he died before the advent of the next year. – Sahih Muslim 1134

Keeping this hadith in mind, it is recommended to fast for 2 days on Ashura;

  • 9th and 10th of Muharram.
  • 10th and 1ath of Muharram.

Can we fast only on the 10th Muharram?

Best fasting after Ramadan

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: ‘The best fasting after the month of Ramadan is the month of Allah, Al-Muharram, and the best prayer is prayer at night.” – Sunan an-Nasa’i 1613

10th Muharram fasting is not fard

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: “Whoever wishes to fast (on the day of ‘Ashura’) may do so, and whoever wishes to leave it can do so.” – Sahih al-Bukhari 1592

Atone for the sins of the previous year

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: fasting on the day of Ashura’ may atone for the sins of the preceding year. – Sahih Muslim 1162a

Prophet Muhammad never gave up Ashura fasting

Hafsah رضي الله عنها said: “There are four things which the Prophet never gave up: Fasting ‘Ashura’, (fasting during) the ten days, (fasting) three days of each month, and praying two Rak’ahs before Al-Ghadah (Fajr).” – Sunan an-Nasa’i 2416

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