6 differences between Nabi and Rasool

Quran has used two words Nabi (Prophets) and Rasool (Messenger) interchangeably but there are 6 differences between them as explained below.

  • Nabi ู†ุจูŠ = Prophet.
  • Rasool ุฑุณูˆู„ = Messenger.
  1. Sharia Law

Although it is not a major difference most of the Rasool came with a Sharia Law while Nabi followed and preached the Sharia of previous messengers.

For example, Prophet Musa ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู brought sharia to Bani Israel while Prophet Harun ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู and other prophets who followed him after that didnโ€™t bring any sharia.

There are some exceptions to this rule as well. Prophet Isa ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was a Rasool but he continued to follow the sharia of Prophet Musa ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู.

differences between Nabi and Rasool

  1. Rasool v/s Nabi

Another difference is that every Rasool is a Nabi but not every Nabi is a Rasool. If you compare a Messenger v/s Prophet, Messenger has a greater grade than Nabi.

  1. Prophethood by Birth

Another major difference is that a Nabi is a prophet by birth, while he becomes Rasool when he gets orders from Allah to preach Islam. For example, Prophet Muhammad ๏ทบ was a Nabi by birth but became a Messenger at the age of 40.

differences between Nabi and Rasool

  1. Rasool is sent to a community

The major difference is that a Rasool is sent toward a particular community or Ummah while a Nabi just preaches to the people around him.

For example, Prophet Lut ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was sent to a particular community to preach while Prophet Yousuf ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ูย continued preaching the people around him.

  1. Non-followers of Rasool are cursed

Another major difference is that if a community or Ummah doesnโ€™t follow the Rasool, Allah’s wrath is delivered to them while this is not the case with Prophets. For example, the people of Aad were destroyed by Allah when they refused to follow the Prophet Hud ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู.

If an Ummah or community does not listen to the message of a Rasool who has been specially sent towards them from Allah, it is against the dignity of the Almighty to spare non-believers.

  1. A Rasool cannot be killed

Another major difference is that there has been no case reported in the history of mankind where a Rasool was killed by non-believers, but this is not the case with Nabi. There are several cases when Nabis were killed by non-believers.

The reason a Rasool was never killed by non-believers is that his death would be taken as the failure of Almighty (Astaghfirullah) as he is sent by Allah, especially to a particular community or Ummah.

How many Rasool are in Islam?

Although there is no authentic hadith quantifying the number of Prophets, it is commonly believed that there were as many as 124,000 Nabi in Islam out of which only 25 are written in the Holy Quran.

According to a Hadith, there are 313 Rasool or messengers in Islamย  out of which we know the names of only 16;

1- Prophet Adam ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was sent down in 4004 BC and died in 3074 BC at the age of 930 years.ย  He is buried in Makkah.

2- Prophet Sheeth ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู… was born in 3874 BC and died in 2902 BC at the age of 972 years. His grave is in Lebanon.

3- Prophet Idris ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was born in 3382ย BC in present-day Iraq and died in 2517 BC at the age of 865 years.

4- Prophet Noah ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู in mentioned 43 times in Quran. He was born in 2948 BC and died in 1998 BC at the age of 950 years. His grave is in Jordan.

5- Prophet Hud ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was born in 2283 BC and died in 1819 BC at the age of 464 years.

6- Prophet Saleh ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู name is mentioned 9 times in the Quran. He was born in 2083 BC. His grave is in Oman.

7- Prophet Ibrahim ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was born in 1996 BC and died in 1821 BC at the age of 175 years. – Al-A’la 87:19.

8- Prophet Lut ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was born in 1980 BC and died in 1805 BC at the age of 175 years.

9- Prophet Ismail ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was born in 1910 BC and died in 1774 BC at the age of 136 years. – Maryam 19:54

10-ย Prophet Shoaib ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was born in the 15th century BC. He is buried in Palestine.

11- Prophet Musa ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู – Maryam 19:51

12-ย Prophet Yunus ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู.

13- Prophet Dawood ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู was blessed with Zaboor.

14- Prophet Elias ุนู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุณู„ุงู….

15- Prophet Isa ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู‡ู ูฑู„ุณูŽู‘ู„ูŽุงู…ู – As-Saf 61:6

16- Prophet Muhammad ๏ทบ – Al-Fath 48:29ย 

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