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Some caves and mountains hold Islamic history; they are a precious asset of the Kingdom. Those who know their importance and value visit it from far-off places. These caves and mountains are rich in Islamic history and are Islamic landmarks; extraordinary events have been associated with them.
Jabal-e-Noor (Cave of Hira)
The cave of Hira is located on the mountain of Noor (Jabal-e-Noor). It is about 3 km from Makkah. It takes about 1200 steps to reach the 270-meter-high cave.
It is stated that it is the cave where Prophet Muhammad ﷺ received the first revelation. He was in this cave when Jibrail عليه السلام came and revealed the Quran to him.
- Hira Cave location.
Thowr cave is where Prophet Muhammad ﷺ took refuge along with Abu Bakar رضي الله عنه when they migrated to Madina. This cave is located on the outskirts of Makkah.
The Quraish were looking for the Holy Prophet with evil intentions, but the Prophet and his companions hid in this cave.
A spider 🕷 knitted a web, and a bird laid eggs outside the cave, which helped them remain safe there. Who could have believed anyone would reside there when the web and eggs were undisturbed?
- Thowr Mountain location.
Mountain of Abu Qubais
The mountain of Abu Qubais is located in Makkah, near Mount Safa. Large tunnels have been carved through the mountain, yet it hold great Islamic significance.
It is considered the very first mountain created by Allah. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ performed the miracle of splitting the moon into two halves standing on Abu Qubais mountain. The dead body of Prophet Adam عليه السلام rests here.
Mountain of Arafat
The Mountain of Mercy/Arafat is where the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ delivered his last sermon (or Farewell speech). It is an essential destination to which all the Hajj performers must go on the 9th of Dhul Hijja.
This mountain was where Prophet Adam عليه السلام and mother Hawwa عليه السلام reunited after a long separation.
Mount Safa and Marwah
The hills Muslims have to take saee of during Hajj and Umrah are called Mount Safa and Marwah.
Indeed, the hills of Ṣafa and Marwah are among the symbols of Allah. – Al-Baqara 2:158
Mountain Uhud holds significant importance in Islamic history. Mount Uhud is a mountain north of Madina. It was the site of the second battle between Muslims and the forces of Makkah.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: “Uhud is a mountain that loves us and is loved by us.” – Sahih al-Bukhari 4083
If you have not visited all of these mountains, I think it is time to plan to go there and see them one by one.