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After death, the account of both the good and bad deeds is closed. However, nothing benefits the dead person except for the following 5 things as per Islam.
Offering the Janaza
One very important thing that can benefit a dead person is the offering of his funeral prayers. However, it is very important for us to at least learn how to pray Salat-al-Janaza.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: If any Muslim dies and 40 men associate nothing with Allah stand over his bier. Allah will accept them as intercessors for him. – Sunan Abi Dawud 3170
Another important source through which the dead will be benefitted is the charitable deeds that he has done in his life.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: ‘The best things that a man can leave behind are three;
- A righteous son who will pray for him.
- An ongoing charity whose reward will reach him.
- Knowledge which is acted upon after his death.’
- Sunan Ibn Majah 241
Children of the dead can be a source of benefit for their deceased parents as the work of charity done by them and supplications will benefit their parents.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Give in charity on behalf of your deceased mother. – Sahih al-Bukhari 2760
Paying off Debts
One should be fulfilling the promises of the deceased and if any debt is due or payable by them it should be paid.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ once encouraged a woman to pay off the debt of her mother instead of performing Hajj on her behalf. – Sahih al-Bukhari 1852
Dua in Graveyards
The dua made upon visiting the graveyards will also be benefiting the dead people. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ used to do duas upon his visit to Baqi (Madinah graveyard).