14 Wajib Acts of Salah/Namaz

There are 14 wajib acts of Salah and if you miss any of them, you need to perform Sajda Sahu to make your Namaz valid.

Recitation in the first 2 Rakat

It is wajib to allocate the first 2 Rakat of a Fard Salah for the recitation of the Holy Quran.

Recitation of Surah Al-Fatiha

Reciting Surah Fateha in the first 2 rakat is a wajib act of Namaz. Reciting Surah Fateha in the 3rd and 4th Rakat of Fard Salah is a Sunnah only. Your prayer is valid even if you don’t recite Fateha in the 3rd or 4th Rakat.

Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: “Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid”. – Sahih al-Bukhari 756

Wajib acts of Salah

Recitation after Surah Al-Fatiha

It is wajib to recite any surah or a single lengthy verse or at least 3 small verses of the Holy Quran after Surah Al-Fatiha in the first two units of Fard prayers and in all the Rakaats of Sunnah, Wajib or Nafal Namaz.

Surah Fatiha must be recited first

It is also a Wajib of Salah to recite Surah Fateha before reciting any other verse of the Holy Quran.


It is also a wajib act of Namaz to stand straight after Ruku for a while before going to Sujood.


It is Wajib act of Salah to sit between Sujood. A person must do one Sajda and then sit for a moment and then do the other Sajda.

Qaa’dah Oola

It is wajib to sit in the second rakat of Namaz to recite Tashahudd after performing 2 Sujood. 


It is wajib to recite Tashahudd in Qaa’dah Ooola (point 7) and Qaa’dah Akheerah both. 

Qaa’dah Ooola is sitting in 2nd Rakat to recite Tashahudd is a Wajib act. Whereas Qaa’dah Akheerah which means sitting in the last Rakat is a fard of Salah.

Tashahudd - wajib act of Namaz

Concluding Salam

It is wajib to say السلام عليكم ورحمة الله at the end of Namaz once while moving your head to the right shoulder and then moving your head to the left shoulder. 

Concluding Salam - wajib of Salah

Loud Recitation

It is a Wajib act for an Imam to recite the Holy Quran in the first 2 rakat of Fajr, Maghrib, Isha, Jummah, Eid, and Taraweeh prayers. 

If a person is praying lonely or individually whether a man or a woman, should recite in a voice to that level that he or she could hear it.

Inaudible Recitation

It is a Wajib act to recite the Holy Quran inaudibly or silently in Duhr and Asr.

Takbeer of Qunoot

It is also wajib to say Takbeer in the 3rd and last Rakat of Wit’r before reciting the Dua Qanoot. This is an additional Takbeer in wit’r prayer’s last Rakat after which Qunoot is recited.

Supplication of Qunoot

It is also Wajib to recite Dua Qunoot in the 3rd Rakat of Witr Namaz. Qunoot is not a specific dua, people who can speak Arabic can supplicate whatever they want during this.

6 additional Eid Takbeer

It is Wajib to say 6 extra takbirs in Eid prayer.

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