Table of Contents
There are 16 Sunnah of eating food as derived from the life of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ. If you follow the sunnah way of eating food, you will get rewarded in the afterlife.
Sunnah before eating food
If Prophet Muhammad ﷺ wanted to eat when he was sexually impure, he would wash his hands. – Sunan Ibn Majah 593
Sitting on the floor
It is a sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to eat food sitting on the floor as it relates to having a meal like a slave.
Starting with Bismillah
The first Sunnah of eating food is to start it with the name of Allah. The Dua you should recite before eating food is “بِسْمِ اللَّهِ وَعَلَى بَرَكَةِ اللَّهِ“.
If you forget to say it in the beginning, recite بسم الله أوله وآخره whenever you remember it. – Riyad as-Salihin 728
Sunnah while eating food
Eating with the right hand
Always use the right hand for eating the meals.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Do not eat with your left hand, for Satan eats with his left hand. – Sahih Muslim 2019
Eat that nearest to you
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Eat with your right hand and eat from what is near to you. – Sahih Muslim 2022a
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: Eat together and do not eat separately, for the blessing is in being together. – Sunan Ibn Majah 3287
Eat with Three Fingers
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ used to eat with three fingers (i.e., the thumb, the index finger, and the middle finger) and not wipe his before licking it. – Sunan Abi Dawud 3848
It is a sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to eat food in a way that leaves a third of your stomach empty.
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: ]The human does not fill any container that is worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to eat what will support his back. If this is not possible, then a third for food, a third for drink, and a third for his breath. – Jami` at-Tirmidhi 2380
Don’t waste food
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: When a morsel of any of you falls, he should pick it up and remove any dirt on it, and then eat it. He should not leave it for Satan. – Riyad as-Salihin 751
Don’t lean while eating
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said: I do not eat while reclining. – Sunan Abi Dawud 3769
At that time, the rich rulers used to eat while leaning. Prophet Muhammad ﷺ had a humble attitude so he made his sunnah to eat on the floor while sitting straight.
Anas Ibn Malik narrates in Sahih Muslim “(The Prophet) commanded us to wipe our plates”.
Never Criticize Food
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ never criticized any food (he was invited to) but he used to eat if he liked the food, and leave it if he disliked it. – Sahih al-Bukhari 5409
Compliment the food
It is a sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to complement the tasty food to appreciate the efforts of the one who made it.
Sunnah after eating food
Licking the Fingers
Prophet Muhammad ﷺ commanded the licking of fingers and the gleaning of the dish, saying, “You do not know in which portion the blessing lies.” – Riyad as-Salihin 749
It is sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to say the following dua after eating food “الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنَا وَسَقَانَا وَجَعَلَنَا مُسْلِمِينَ” – Sunan Ibn Majah 3283
It was the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to rinse his mouth after eating food. – Sahih al-Bukhari 5384