Many old civilizations and religious as well as local calendars based on seasons are used in different parts of the world. While we are entering into 2022, these 10 countries are left behind.
10 – Ethiopia will start the year 2015
The Ethiopian calendar is based on the ancient calendar of Alexandria. It is 8 years behind the regular solar calendar. It has 13 months.
12 months consist of 30 days and the last 13th-month consists of just 5 or 6 days, it depends on a leap year. The new day starts with the sunrise.
9 – Thailand to celebrate the year 2565
The people of Thailand follow the Buddhist lunar calendar. The chronology starts from the moment Buddha achieved Nirvana. The Buddhist calendar is also used in Sri-Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar.
Gregorian calendar is also used in Thailand and exceptions are always made for foreigners.
08 – Russia will start 2021
People of Russia follow the Gregorian calendar. This calendar was introduced by Pope Gregory Xlll in place of the Julian calendar. According to the Gregorian calendar on January 1, the New Year will begin.
The difference between these 2 calendars today is 13 days, and it increases by 3 days every 400 years.
The Gregorian calendar was introduced in 1582 in Catholic countries, and it was gradually distributed to other countries. According to it, on January 1, the year 2020 will begin.
07 – Israel will start the Hebrew year 5782
According to the Hebrew calendar, the month starts with the new moon and the first day of the year (Rosh Hashanah) can only be on Monday, Tuesday, Thursday or Saturday.
The chronology of the Hebrew calendar started with the very first moon that took place on October 7, 3761, BC, at 5 o’clock and 204 parts. One hour in the Hebrew calendar consists of 1,080 parts and each part is 76 moments.
06 – Iran to start the year 1400
The people of Iran and Afghanistan follow the Persian calendar which is also known as the solar Hijri calendar. The solar calendar was created by a group of astronomers including Umar Khayyam, a well-known poet.
The chronology starts from Hijra just like the Islamic Calendar. It is also based on the solar year and the month stays in the same season. The week starts on Saturday and ends on Friday.
05 – Indians to start the year 1943
The Indian national calendar was introduced in 1957. This calendar is based on the calculation of the Saka Era, the ancient system of Chronology that widespread in India and Cambodia, there are several other calendars followed in India.
04 – Japan is going to start year 34
Japanese follow two chronologies. Like the majority of the world, they follow and use the Gregorian calendar, for it is used internationally but there also is a traditional one.
The traditional one is based and calculated on the emperor’s ruling period. Both the dates are mentioned in the official documents.
The traditional year is given a name, it is not exactly a year, it is more like an era, for now since 1989, “an era of peace and tranquility” is being observed.
03 – China will start the year 4720
The Chinese calendar is cyclic and is based on the astronomical cycle of Jupiter. Within 60 years the Jupiter revolves around the sun 5 times and that is the five elements of the Chinese calendar.
Jupiter completes its revolution around the sun in 12 years. These years are usually names as animals. 2018 Gregorian year was the year of Dogs in China.
02 – North Korea will ring in the year 111
The people of North Korea are using The Juche Calendar since July 8, 1997, together with Christ’s birth chronology.
Their calendar started in 1912, with the birth year of Kim ll-sung, the founder and the eternal president of North Korea.
01 – Saudi Arabia to celebrate the Hijri year 1443
Saudi Arabia is a Muslim country and it follows the Islamic lunar calendar. The chronology starts from Hijra, the date of Prophet Mohammad, and the first Muslim migration to Madina (622 AD).
According to this calendar, the new day and date start with the sunset. The month begins with the sighting of a new moon (the crescent moon).