The 10 commandments of Torah are famously known to be revealed upon Prophet Musa (A.S) by Allah. These commandments are known as the essence of the Holy Book, ‘Torah’ and all these instructions have been summarized beautifully in the Holy Quran.
Following are the Ten Commandments in the light of the Holy Quran. Many Muslim scholars believe that these ten commandments of the Torah are an extract of the entire Torah in the Holy Quran.
Do not worship anyone except Allah
The first commandment of Torah has been mentioned in the Holy Quran and it strictly urges the people to come to the straight path and do not worship anyone except Allah. In Surat al-Baqarah verse 163 Allah says that He is One, He is the only God, the one who is Gracious and the merciful!
Do not make Idols
The second commandment of the Torah forbids people to make idols. It has been strictly prohibited in the Holy Quran to make idols and to worship them. The Quran says that worship Allah, your only God and do not make idols.
Honor your parents
The third commandment of Torah stresses on honoring your parents. The Holy Quran emphasizes upon the believers to honor their parents.
It is said that if your parents are old then be patient with them and treat them with great respect. Parents have a very high status and thereby every believing child that respect that status.
Fulfill your duties towards people
The fourth commandment of Torah requires you to fulfill the rights of others. The Holy Quran calls upon the believers to fulfill their duties towards people around them. Our relatives, the poor, the people in need all have to be looked upon by us as good believers.
Do not waste money on unnecessary things
The fifth commandment of Torah summarized in the Holy Quran is to utilize your wealth for the things that are necessary for you and don’t waste it on unnecessary things.
Wasting money on unnecessary things makes a person stray from the right path and also, he does not have money left to fulfill his duties towards the people.
Do not commit adultery
The sixth commandment of Torah requires you to refrain from committing adultery. The Holy Quran strictly prohibits its believers from adultery. Adultery is no doubt a shameful act and an evil way.
People at that time were warned that Adultery is evil. Even Muslims are asked to refrain from it as it is stated in Quran that one shall not approach adultery for it is immoral and evil – Surah al.Isra 17:32
Do not murder anyone
The seventh commandment of the Torah strictly forbids people from killing innocent people. It is prohibited to murder anyone and if anyone murders a person then Islam gives permission to the family of the victim to decide whether the murderer should be punished by death or not. The life of every person is of value and no one has a right to deprive anyone of life!
Do not steal from anyone
The eighth commandment of the Torah strictly prohibits Muslims from stealing someone else’s wealth. Stealing also includes to steal someone’s wealth through unlawful means like snatching the wealth from an orphan. The Quran strictly tells the believers to stay away from the wealth of an orphan.
Do not weigh or measure less
The ninth commandment of Torah requires people to weigh properly. It is stated in the Quran that always weigh and measure properly when you are conducting any business. This means that always conduct your business by fair means. It is only by fair means that your business will prosper.
Fulfill your promise
The tenth commandment of the Torah asks Muslims to honor their promises. The quality of a Muslim that distinguishes him from others is that he never lies and always fulfills his promise with other people.
This part of keeping up with commitments defines a person’s personality and plays a vital role in character building. This also leaves a positive impact on other people.