The Dead Sea which is also known as the salt sea and it borders Jordan to the east and Palestine to the west. It is a hypersaline lake which is one of the unique places on earth. The Dead Sea has attracted many visitors from around the Mediterranean region for thousands of years. According to the Bible, it was a refuge for King David. It was also one of the first health resorts in history for Herod the Great. Salt and minerals from the sea are used for cosmetics and herbal sachets. Here are some more facts that you may not know about the Dead Sea;[irp]
1-The high level of salt in the water allows people to float easily. The Great Salt Lake in Utah is like the Dead Sea in this regard.
2-The Dead Sea is about 8.6 times saltier than the ocean. This does not allow animals to flourish as it is too harsh an environment for them. Not even fish and aquatic plants survive in the water and only small amounts of bacteria and fungi are found in the Dead Sea.
3-The Dead Sea, at its widest point, is 67 kilometers long and 18 kilometers wide. Its main tributary is the Jordan River and it lies in the Jordan Rift Valley.
4-The lowest road in the world, Highway 90, runs along the Palestinian shores of the Dead Sea at 1289 feet below sea level.
5-The shores and surface of the Dead Sea are 1388 feet or 423 meters below sea level, making it the lowest elevation of land on earth.
6-The Dead Sea is 1,237 feet deep, making it the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. A hypersaline lake is a landlocked body of water which has an extremely high concentration of chloride, sodium and other minerals. The salinity levels of the water surpass that of ocean water.
7-The salinity of the Dead Sea is at 33.7%, this has made it one of the saltiest bodies of water on earth. Lake assal and some lakes of the Mcmurdo dry valleys of Antarctica have however reported higher salinity levels.
8-The Dead Sea has become one of the leading centers for health treatments and research. This is due to several reasons; the low content of allergens in the area, the reduced UV radiation, and its mineral content are the main reasons.
9-The Dead Sea has been one of the biggest suppliers of a wide array of products; this includes balms for Egyptian mummification and potash for use in fertilizers.
10-The discharge of asphalt from deep seeps is an unusual feature of the Dead Sea which leads to asphalt being exported to Egypt for mummifying purposes. The asphalt was also used to coat figurines. Although you may never go to view the beauty of the Dead Sea, it is always nice to know about the natural wonders of this world.